Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows the surgeon to remove the uterus from the abdomen without making a large incision.
A thin, lighted tube with a camera on the end, known as a laparoscope, is inserted into the abdomen through a very small incision. The camera sends images of the inside of the body to a TV monitor in the operating room, allowing the surgeon to see and operate without a large incision. Other small incisions may be made in the abdomen to insert very fine specialized surgical instruments. The uterus is removed in small pieces through these incisions.
Benefits over conventional surgery performed through a large incision (abdominal hysterectomy) include less pain, less blood loss, less risk of infection, faster recovery and shorter hospital stays.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy requires general anesthesia and a hospital stay of one to two days. Recovery before returning to work is typically four to six weeks.