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Healthcare: Gastroenterology & Digestive Health

EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound)

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About EUS

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EUS is a minimally invasive technique that combines endoscopy and ultrasound to obtain images and information about the lining and walls of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract and nearby organs. With EUS, a thin flexible tube (endoscope) is passed through a patient's mouth or rectum. A small ultrasound transducer at the tip of the endoscope sends out high-frequency sound waves, producing a high-quality, detailed ultrasound image of the targeted area for assessment.

EUS is also used to guide a special needle into targeted areas, such as suspicious tumors, to obtain tissue samples (biopsies) - a process known as fine needle aspiration.
 

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How Is EUS Used?

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Endoscopic ultrasound may be used to:

  • Accurately identify the stages of gastrointestinal cancers, a critical factor in determining proper treatment methods for digestive diseases such as esophageal cancer.
  • Determine the penetration and spread of cancer to adjacent tissues and lymph nodes.
  • Evaluate for tumors in adjacent organs such as the pancreas, liver and gallbladder.
  • Diagnose diseases of the internal organs, such as chronic pancreatitis or cysts of the pancreas.
  • Detect bile duct abnormalities, including stones and tumors
  • Assess masses (submucosal lesions) that may be hiding in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Study the muscles of the lower rectum and anal canal in evaluating reasons for fecal incontinence.
  • Evaluate Crohn's disease involvement in the anus and rectum, such as fistulas or abscesses.