Our Research

Striving to enhance the health of families and communities through rigorous and evidence-based research, we cover a wide range of research areas to include: Prevention, nutrition and health; health disparities, diabetes and obesity; alcohol disorders including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders; substance abuse in primary care; antibiotic use and stewardship; and maternal and child health. Encompassing these areas and others are 15 faculty members who collaborate with other clinical departments and investigators around the country to help make Baylor one of the most innovative universities in the country.

The program has been successful in obtaining external research grant funding. Federal sponsors include the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Health Resources and Services Administration.

Center for Primary Care and Population Health Research

The Department of Family and Community Medicine is home to the Center for Primary Care and Population Health Research, under the direction of Roger Zoorob, M.D., MPH. CPPR topics include disease prevention, health disparities, diabetes and obesity, substance use disorders, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, integrated behavioral health, epidemiology of health, antibiotic stewardship, medical education research, cost-effectiveness and comparative effectiveness research, and maternal and child health. We encourage students, residents, fellows, and faculty to develop their skills as investigators by offering research training and mentorship opportunities that lead to career growth and contributions to science including academic publications, presentations, and advocacy.

T32 Fellowship

Faculty in the Department of Family and Community Medicine under Program Director, Roger Zoorob, M.D., MPH, FAAFP, restructured and secured funding for our T32 Primary Care Research Fellowship Grant awarded by the Health Resources and Services Administration. The training grant is a 5-year award of $1.6 million.

The fellowship, open to MDs, PhDs, and other doctoral degree holders, aims to implement a multifaceted training program that comprehensively prepares health care professionals for a career in primary care research. This fellowship features core curriculum based on faculty development modules, emphasizes multidisciplinary team-based mentoring, and offers a diverse spectrum of primary care research opportunities from an existing interinstitutional collaborative housed within the medical center. Additionally, all fellows will have the opportunity to establish their own tailored, interprofessional mentoring team and an individualized plan of measurable objectives. Each mentoring team will be constructed to function as a “mentoring mosaic” and will consist of at least a peer mentor, a career mentor, and the mentoring chair.

Recent Publications

Baltrus P, Malhotra K, Rust G, Levine R, Li C, Gaglioti A. Identifying county level all-cause mortality rate trajectories and their spatial distribution across the US (1999-2016). Prev Chronic Dis. 2019 May;16:180486

Kowalchuk A, Mejia de Grubb MC, Gonzalez SJ, Zoorob R. (2019) Addressing substance use with the adolescent in primary care: The SBIRT model. In: Morelli V, ed. Adolescent health screening: An update in the age of big data. Elsevier.

Corcoran E,  LaFave S, Agana DFG. Kampman H, Penner JC, McCarthy ML, Mullins KP, Vu M, Duncan  A. (2019) Voices of the Next Generation. In: Michener JL, Castrucci BC, Bradley DW, Hunter EL, Thomas CW, Patterson C, Corcoran E (eds). The Practical Playbook II: Building Multisector Partnerships that Work. 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press

Sulapas I. (2019) Question Writer in: Paul SR, Concannon L, Khodaee M, Henehan M (eds) AMSSM Sports Medicine CAQ Study Guide (4th ed.) Monterrey, CA:AMSSM

Husaini BA, Moonis M, Levine RS. Changes in Alzheimer disease, associated factors and hospital cost among elderly patients in 2007 and 2010. ECNeurology. 2019 May 27;11(6): 368-375

Wells A, Germanos GJ, Salemi JL, Mikhail E. Laparoscopic surgeons’ perspectives on risk factors for and prophylaxis of trocar site hernias: A multispecialty national survey. JSLS. 2019 Apr-Jun;23(2)

Gonzalez SJ. Prevention in Practice: A case for an interprofessional approach to preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancy. NASW Specialty Practice Sections. Spring/Summer 2019

Khan SF, Dongarwar D, Aliyu MH, Salihu HM. Multicountry analysis of pregnancy termination and intimate partner violence in Latin America using Demographic and Health Survey data. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2019 Jun 1 [Epub ahead of print]

Yusuf KK, Salihu HM, Wilson R, Mbah A, Sappenfield W, Bruder K, Wudil UJ, Aliyu MH. Folic acid intake, fetal brain growth, and maternal smoking in pregnancy: A randomized controlled trial. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Apr 4;3(6):nzz025

Grigoryan L, Nash SG, Zoorob R, Germanos GJ, Horsfield M, Khan F, Martin L, Trautner B. Qualitative analysis of primary care provider prescribing decisions for urinary tract infections. Antibiotics. 2019 June 19;8(2):84

Mogos MF, Salemi JL, Phillips S, Piano MR. Contemporary appraisal of sex differences in prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Alcohol. 2019 June 17

Kowalchuk A, Mejia de Grubb M, Gonzalez S, Zoorob R.  (2019) Addressing substance use with the adolescent in primary care:  the SBIRT model.  In:  Morelli V, ed. Adolescent Health Screening: An Update in the Age of Big Data. Elsevier. 165-177

Matas JLAgana DFGermanos GJHansen MAModak S, Tanner JP, Langlois PH, Salemi JL. Exploring classification of birth defects severity in national hospital discharge databases compared to an active surveillance program. Birth Defects Res. 2019 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Corcoran E, LaFave S, Agana DFG, Kampman H, Penner JC, McCarthy ML, Mullins KP, Vu M, Duncan A. (2019) Voices of the Next Generation: Breaking the Mold. In Michener JL, Castrucci BC, Bradley DW, Hunter EL, Thomas CW, Patterson C, Corcoran E, eds. The Practical Playbook II: Building Multisector Partnerships That Work. New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Drowos J, Fils A, Mejia de Grubb MC, Salemi JL, Zoorob R, Hennekens CH, Levine RS. Accidental infant suffocation and strangulation in bed: Disparities and opportunities. Matern Child Health J. 2019 Jun 26 [Epub ahead of print]

Brown Speights JS, Goldfarb SS, Levine RS, Rust G. Racial equality in infant outcomes: A call to action. Am J Public Health. 2019 May;109(5):666-668

Kendle A, Salemi JL, Tanner JP, Louis JM. Delivery-associated sepsis: trends in morbidity and mortality. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Apr;220(4):391.e1-391.e16

Chima CC, Salemi JL, Sidani M, Zoorob RJ. Coaching and education for diabetes distress (CEDD Trial): Protocol for a rancomized controlled trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2019 Apr 2;8(4):e12166

Porter M, Agana DF, Harrell G, Hatch R, Datta S, Carek PJ. Medical schools, primary care and family medicine: Clerkship directors’ perceptions of the current environment. J Fam Pract. 2019 Apr 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Samannodi M, Hansen M, Hasbun R. Lack of accuracy of the international classification of disease, ninth (ICD-9) codes in identifying patients with encephalitis. J Neurol. 2019 Apr;266(4):1034-103

Kirkpatrick S, Agana DFG, Lynch K, Carek PJ. Emergency department high utilizers among family medicine patients. J Am Board Fam Med. 2019 Mar-Apr;32(2):264-268

Skelton F, Salemi JL, Akpati L, Silva S, Dongarwar D, Trautner BW, Salihu HM. Genitourinary complications are a leading and expensive cause of emergency department and inpatient encounters for persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 Mar 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Mayor JM, Salemi JL, Dongarwar D, Salihu HM, Montero-Baker M, Mills JL, Chung J. Sex-based differences in ten-year nationwide outcomes of carotid revascularization. J Am Coll Surg. 2019 Mar 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Yusuf KK, Salihu HM, Wilson R, Mbah A, Sappenfield W, King LM, Bruder K. Comparing folic acid dosage strengths to prevent reduction in fetal size among pregnant women who smoked cigarettes: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Mar 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Jones KC, Salemi JL, Dongarwar D, Rodriguez SM, Quach TH, Kunik ME, Salihu HMRacial/ethnic disparities in receipt of electroconvulsive therapy for elderly patients with a principal diagnosis of depression in inpatient settings. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry.  2019 Mar;27(3):266-278

Salihu HM, Henshaw C, Salemi JL, Dongarwar D, Wudil UJ, Olaleye Om, Godbole N, Aggarwal A, Alihu MH. Temporal trends and black–white disparity in mortality among hospitalized persons living with HIV in the United States. J Med. 2019 Mar;98(9):p e14584

Rubenstein A, Wood SK, Levine RS, Hennekens CH. Alarming trends in deaths from firearms among United States schoolchildren. Am J Med. 2019 Mar 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Agana DF, Striley CW, Salemi JL. From primary care to the revolving door of hospital readmission: The relevance of Rose’s call for a population strategy for prevention. Prev Med Rep. 2019 Mar 15;14:100848.

Skelton F, Martin LA, Evans C, Kramer J, Grigoryan L, Richardson P, Kunik ME, Poon IO, Holmes SA, Trauter BW. Mixed methods protocol to determine best practices for management of bacteriuria in spinal cord injury. JMIR Res Protoc. 2019 Feb;8(2)

Levine RS, Kilbourne B, Sanderson M, Fadden MK, Pisu M, Salemi JL, Mejia de Grubb MC, O’Hara H, Huasini BA, Zoorob R, Hennekens CH. Lack of validity of self-reported mammography data.J Fam Community Med. 2019 Feb;7(1):e000096

Zoorob RJ, Salemi JL, Mejia de Grubb MC, Modak S, Levine RSA nationwide study of breast cancer, depression, and multimorbidity among hospitalized women and men in the United States. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Feb;174(1):237-248 

Salihu HM, Salinas A, Medina I, Krishnaswami J, Aliyu MH. Biopsychosocial determinants of opioid use disorder (OUD) and implications for maternal and child health research: A scoping review. J Opioid Manag. 2019 Jan/Feb;15(1):77-91

Porter M, Quillen D, Agana DF, Chacko L, Lynch K, Bielick L, Fu X, Yang Y, Carek PJ. Are patients frequently readmitted to the hospital different from the other admitted patients? J Am Board Fam Med. 2019 Jan/Feb;32(1):58-64

Frankel WC, Trautner BW, Spiegelman A, Grigoryan L, LeMaire SA. Patients at risk for aortic rupture often exposed to fluoroquinolones during hospitalization. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019 Jan 29;63(2)

Levine RS, Schneid RP, Zoorob R, Hennekens CH. A tale of two cities: Persistently high homicide rates in Baltimore City compared to significant declines in New York City. Am J Med. 2019 Jan;132(1):3-5

Ball JD, Agana DF, Waugh S, Wang K, James TG, Nicolette G. Systematically collected information at encounters with HIV-positive students: A review of 10 years of electronic medical records. J Am Coll Health. 2019 Jan 25;1-5 [Epub ahead of print]

Salemi JL. Letter to the Editor: Terminology used to describe statistical models with multiple independent variables. J Registry Manag. Winter;45(4):154-155

Hansen MA, Fowler G. (2019) Zipper injury management. In: Pfenninger and Fowler, eds. Elsevier Inc. Pfenninger and Fowler’s Procedures for Primary Care. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Inc.

Marshall J, Ramakrishnan R, Slotnick AL, Tanner JP, Salemi JL, Kirby RS. Family-centered perinatal services for children with Down Syndrome and their families in Florida. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2019 Jan;48(1):78-89

Levine RS, Schneid RP, Zoorob R, Hennekens CH. A tale of two cities: Persistently high homicide rates in Baltimore City compared to significant declines in New York City. Am J Med. 2019 Jan;132(1):3-5

Williams M, Agana DF, Harrell G, Klassen R, Hatch R, Malouin R, Carek PJ. Primary care tracks in medical school. Peer-Rev Rep Med Edu Res (PRiMER). 2019;3:3

Kowalchuk AA, Gonzalez SJ, Zoorob RJ. Substance use issues among the underserved: United States and international perspectives. J Physician Assist Clinics. 2018 Dec 7;4(1):141-54

Mejia de Grubb MC, Levine RS, Zoorob RJ. Diet and obesity issues in the underserved J Physician Assist Clinics. 2018 Dec 7;4(1):155-70

Kowalchuk A, Mejia de Grubb M, Zoorob RPreparations for treating opioid use disorder in the office. Fam Pract Manag. 2018 Nov-Dec;25(6):21-26

Faustinella F. A day at the walk-in clinic The Pharos. Summer 2018;81(3);46-50

Raza SA, Salemi JL, Zoorob RJ. Historical perspectives on prevention paradox: When the population moves as a whole. JFMPC. 2018 Nov-Dec;7(6):1163-1165

Stallings EB, Isenburg JL, Mai CT, Liberman RF, Moore CA, Canfield MA, Salemi JL, Kirby RS, et al. Population-based birth defects data in the United States, 2011-2015: A focus on eye and ear defects. Birth Defects Res. 2018 Nov 15;110(19):1478-1486

Salemi JL, Rutkowski R, Tanner JP, Matas JL, Kirby RS. Evaluating the impact of expanding the number of diagnosis codes reported in inpatient discharge databases on the counts and rates of birth defects. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Nov;25(11):1524-1533

Agopian AJ, Salemi JL, Tanner JP, Kirby RS. Using birth defects surveillance programs for population-based estimation of sibling recurrence risks. Birth Defects Res. 2018 Nov 15;110(19):1383-1387

Jones KC, Salemi JL, Dongarwar D, Rodriguez SM, Quach TH, Kunik ME, Salihu HMRacial/ethnic disparities in receipt of electroconvulsive therapy for elderly patients with a principal diagnosis of depression in inpatient settings. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry.  2019 Mar;27(3):266-278

Alzate MM, Villegas S, Salihu HM. The power of culture and context on Hispanic/Latina teen pregnancy and birth in Oklahoma: Provider and parental perspectives. Soc Work Health Care. 2018 Nov-Dec;57(10):890-905

Buyukozturk B, Drowos J, Hennekens CH, Salemi JL, Mejia de Grubb MC, Levine RS. Homicide in the South: Higher rates among whites, with fewer racial disparities. South Med J. 2018 Oct;111(10):607-611A

Faustinella FThe ranting of Mr. Schafer: Finding meaning in life. Acad Psychiatry. 2018 Oct;42(5):726–728

Singh N, McCann H, Weber MK, Gonzalez SJAlzate MMAdolescent screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use: An application for school social workers. Children & Schools. 2018 Oct 1;40(4):249–252

King DK, Gonzalez SJ, Hartje JA, Hanson BL, Edney C, Snell H, Zoorob RJ, Roget NA. Examining the sustainability potential of a multisite pilot to integrate alcohol screening and brief intervention within three primary care systems. Transl Behav Med. 2018 Sep 8;8(5):776-784

Levine RS, Salemi JL, Mejia de Grubb MC, Wood SK, Gittner L, Khan H, Langston MA, Husaini BA, Rust G, Hennekens CH. Altitude and variable effects on infant mortality in the United States. High Alt Med Biol. 2018 Sep;19(3):265-271

Sanderson M, Aldrich MC, Levine RS, Kilbourne B, Cai Q, Blot WJ. Neighbourhood deprivation and lung cancer risk: A nested case-control study in the USA. BMJ Open. 2018 Sep 10;8(9):e021059

King DK, Gonzalez SJ, Hartje JA, Hanson BL, Edney C, Snell H, Roget NA, et al. (2018). Examining the sustainability potential of a multisite pilot to integrate alcohol screening and brief intervention within three primary care systems. Transl Behav Med. 2018 Sep 8;8(5):776-784

Prewett A, Gonzalez SJ. Women and risky drinking. NASW Specialty Practice Sections. Fall/Winter 2018

Ramakrishnan R, Salemi JL, Stuart AL, Chen H, O’Rourke K, Obican S, Kirby RS. Trends, correlates, and survival of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and its subtypes. Birth Defects Res. 2018 Aug 15;110(14):1107-1117

Zesiewicz T, Salemi JL, Perlman S, Sullivan KL, Shaw JD, Huang Y, Isaacs C, Gooch C, Lynch DR, Klein MB. Double-blind, randomized and controlled trial of EPI-743 in Friedreich’s ataxia. Neurodegener Dis Manag. 2018 Aug;8(4):233-242

Kowalchuk AMejia de Grubb MCZoorob RStigmatizing language about neonatal abstinence syndrome. JAMA. 2018 Aug 21;320(7):722-723

Al Sawah E, Salemi JL, Hoffman M, Imudia A, Mikhail E. Association between obesity, surgical route, and perioperative outcomes in patients with uterine cancer. Minim Invasive Surg. 19 Jun 2018;8 pages

Sunny A, Rustveld LA comprehensive electronic health record based patient navigation module including technology driven colorectal cancer outreach and education. J Cancer Educ. 2018 Jun;33(3):627-633

Bhoopathi V, Joshi A,Ocanto R, Jacobs RJOral health promotion practices in child care centers: A survey of Florida child care center directors. BMC Oral Health. 2018 Jun 1;18:96

Husaini BA, Tiriveedhi V, Miller O, Novotny M, Zoorob R, Levine RExamining effects of depression on hospital cost of breast cancer among women. ECNE. 2018 Jun;10(6)

McCann H, Alzate MM. Child welfare social workers and children with prenatal substance exposure: Current needs and potential solutions. Section Connections.2018 Spring/Summer:6-8

Falana A, Akpojiyovwi V, Sey E, Akpaffiong A, Agumbah O, Chienye S, Banks J, Jones E, Spooner KK, Salemi JL, Olaleye OA, Onyiego SD, Salihu HMHospital length of stay and cost burden of HIV, tuberculosis, and HIV-tuberculosis coinfection among pregnant women in the United States. Am J Infect Control. 2018 May;46(5):564-570

Caballero J, Ownby RL, Jacobs RJ, Pandya N, Ricabal L. Predicting medication adherence in older Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes. AJHP. 2018 May;75(o):e194-e201

Mati K, Adegoke KK, Michael-Asalu A, Salihu HMHealth insurance coverage and access to skilled birth attendance in Togo. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2018 May;141(2):181-188

Salemi JL, Rutkowski RE, Tanner JP, Matas JL, Kirby RS. Identifying algorithms to improve the accuracy of unverified diagnosis codes for birth defects. Public Health Rep. 2018 May/Jun;133(3):303-310

Mogos MF, Salemi JL, Salihu HMReply. J Hypertens. 2018 Apr;36(4):957-958

Faustinella F, Hurwitz R. (2018) Health education for young adults: A community outreach program. Xlibris: Bloomington, Indiana. The book was showcased at the Los Angeles Times Festival of Books (LATFOB) in April 2018.

Mikhail E, Salemi JL, Schickler R, Salihu HM, Plosker S, Imudia AN. National rates, trends and determinants of inpatient surgical management of tubal ectopic pregnancy in the United States, 1998-2011. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018 Apr;44(4):730-738

Dennis EM, Hao Y, Tamambang M, Roshan TN, Gatlin KJ, Bghigh H, Ogunyemi OT, Diallo F, Spooner KK, Salemi JL, Olaleye OA, Khan KZ, Aliyu MH, Salihu HMTuberculosis during pregnancy in the United States: Racial/ethnic disparities in pregnancy complications and in-hospital death. PLoS One. 2018 Mar 26;13(3):e0194836

Sunny A, Rustveld LThe role of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening completion and education: A review of the literature. J Cancer Educ. 2018 Apr;33(2):251-259

Faustinella FAn uncommon clinical presentation of ovarian torsion. JUCM. 2018 04 30

Zoorob R, Kowalchuk A, Mejia de Grubb MC. Buprenorphine therapy for opioid use disorder. Am Fam Physician. 2018 Mar 1;97(5):313-20

Mogos MF, Salemi JL, Spooner KK, McFarlin BL, Salihu HM. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and postpartum readmission in the United States: National surveillance of the revolving door. J Hypertens. 2018 Mar;36(3):608-618

Kane MN, Jacobs RJPerceptions about fleeing religious persecution and entrance to the United StatesMental Health Relig Cult. 2018 Jan 15;1002-1014

Sherman EM, Clauson KA, Elrod S, Eckardt P, Alkhateeb F, Jacobs RJPatient perceptions of using text messages to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence: a qualitative study among patients in a Ryan White clinic.J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2018 Jan-Dec;17:2325958218759209

Dore MP, Pes GM, Faustinella FItalian Adagio: Every law has its loophole. Sci Eng Ethics. 2018 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print]

Kane MN, Jacobs RJ, Green D. Forgiveness and gender between friends and coworkers. J Spiritual Ment Health. 2018;21(1):37-54

Mejia de Grubb MC, Salemi JL, Sanderson M, Gonzalez SJ, Mkanta W, Zoorob RJ, Levine R. Parenting style and perceptions of children’s weight among Hispanics: A qualitative analysis. Health Promot Int. 2018 Feb 1;33(1):132-139

Skelton F, Grigoryan L, Holmes SA, Poon IO, Trautner B. Routine urine testing at the spinal cord injury annual evaluation leads to unnecessary antibiotic use: A pilot study and future directions. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Feb;99(2):219-225

Singh-Franco D, Hale G, Jacobs RJ. Oral anti-coagulation therapy upon discharge in hospitalized patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: A retrospective cohort study. Hosp Pract. 2018 Feb;46(1):22-29

Trautner BW, Prasad P, Grigoryan L, Hysong SJ, Kramer JR, Rajan S, Petersen NJ, Rosen T, Drekonja DM, Graber C, Patel P, Lichtenberger P, Gauthier TP, Wiseman S, Jones M, Sales A, Krein S, Naik AD, and The Less is More Study Group. Protocol to disseminate a hospital-site controlled intervention using audit and feedback to implement guidelines concerning inappropriate treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Implement Sci. 2018 Jan 19;13(1):16

Mogos MF, Piano MR, McFarlin BL, Salemi JL, Liese KL, Briller JE. Heart failure in pregnant women: A concern across the pregnancy continuum. Circ Heart Fail. 2018 Jan;11:e004005

Fernandez D, Salami I, Davis J, Mbah F, Kazeem A, Ash A, Babino J, Carter L, Salemi JLSpooner KK,Olaleye OA, Salihu HM. HIV-TB coinfection among 57 million pregnant women, obstetric complications, alcohol use, drug abuse, and depression. J Preg. Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 5896901, 8 pages

Mogos MF, Salinas-Miranda AA, Salemi JLSalihu HM, et al. Pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders and immigrant status: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Dec;70(6):846-857.e3

Salihu HM, Paothong A, Das R, King LM, Pradhan A, Riggs B, Naik E, Siegel EM, Whiteman VE. Evidence of altered brain regulatory gene expression in tobacco-exposed fetuses. J Perinat Med. 2017 Dec 20;45(9):1045-1053 

Faustinella FLabyrinth. Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Dec;41(6):764–765

Khan F, Sarfraz H,  Czelusta K, Jameel A, Shah A. Panic vs other presentations of chest pain in the emergency room: A diagnostic dilemma. Direct Psychiatry. 2017;37(3):183-98

Lupo PJ, Isenberg JL, Salemi JL, Canfield MA, Copeland G, Haight S, Harpavat S, Hoyt AT, Kirby RS, Liberman RF, Mai CT, Moore CA, Nembhard WN, Nguyen HN, O’Leary LA, Rutkowski RE, Steele A. Population-based birth defects data in the United States, 2010 to 2014: A brief focus on gastrointestinal defects. Birth Defects Res. 2017 Nov 1;109(18):1504-1514

Raza SATheory of scientific investigation by Hempel and a case of Semmelweis. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2017;6(2):198-200

Singh-Franco D, Hale G, Jacobs RJOral anticoagulation therapy upon discharge in hospitalized patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: A retrospective cohort study. Hosp Pract. 2018 Feb;46(1):22-29

Jacobs RJ, Sklar EM, Kane MN. HIV risk perception and sexual behaviors in a sample of lesbians and bisexual women across the United States: directions for future research and innovative education efforts. ICERI Proceedings. 2017:6633-37

Ortiz MR, Le NK, Sharma V, Hoare I, Quizhpe E, Teran E, Naik E, Salihu HM, Izurieta R. Post-earthquake Zika virus surge: Disaster and public health threat amid climatic conduciveness. Sci Rep. 7:15408 2017 Nov 13;5(1):15408

Phelps R, Bray JH, Kearney LK. A quarter century of psychological practice in mental health and health care: 1990-2016Am Psychol.2017 Nov;72(8):822-836

Wilson RE, Salihu HM, Salemi JL, Patel P, Daas R, Berry EL. Effectiveness of a federal Healthy Start program in reducing infant mortality. J Health Dispar Res Pract. 2017 Fall;10(3)

Grigoryan L, Zoorob R, Shah J, Wang H, Arya M, Trautner BW. Antibiotic prescribing for uncomplicated acute bronchitis is highest in younger adults. Antibiotics (Basel). 2017 Oct 27;6(4)

Gupta K, Grigoryan L, Trautner B. Urinary tract infection. Ann Int Med. 2017 Oct 3;167(7)

Levine RS, Salemi JL, Mejia de Grubb MC,Gittner LS, Langston M, Husanini BA, et al. Infant deaths and mortality from gun violence: Causal or casual? J Natl Med Assoc. 2017 Winter;109(4):246-251

Salemi JLSerious, nonlethal firearm-related injuries in the United States: Compiling the evidence. Am J Public Health. 2017 Aug;107(8):324-e25

Velasquez MM, von Sternberg K, Floyd RL, Parrish D,Kowalchuk A, Stephens NS, et al. Preventing alcohol and tobacco exposed pregnancies with CHOICES Plus in primary care clinics: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Jul;53(1):85-95

Grigoryan L, Zoorob R, Wang H, Horsfield M, Gupta K, Trautner BW. Less workup, longer treatment, but no clinical benefit observed in women with diabetes and acute cystitis. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017 Jul;129:197-202

Basu SK,Salemi JL, Gunn AJ, Kaiser JR. Hyperglycaemia in infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy is associated with improved outcomes after therapeutic hypothermia: a post-hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2017 Jul;102(4):F299-F306

Salemi JLSalihu HMThe prevalence of active tuberculosis infection among pregnant women is not increasing in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Oct;217(4):490-491

Ponce AN, Milburn NG, Aralis H, Cowan BA, Toro PA, Schumacher JE, You Z, Gross SZ, Bray JHPsychologists' roles in ending homelessness. J Soc Distress Homel. 2017;26:78

Clifford GM, Waterboer T, Dondog B, Qiao YL, Kordzaia D, Raza, SA, Sherpa AT,  Franceschi S, et al. Hepatitis C virus seroprevalence in the general female population of 9 countries in Europe, Asia and AfricaInfect Agents Cancer. 2017 Feb 2;12:9

Salinas-Miranda A, King LM, Salihu HM, Berry EL, Austin D, Nash S, Scarborough K, et al. Exploring the life course perspective in maternal and child health through community-based participatory focus groups: Social risks assessment. J Health Dispar Res Pract. 2017 Apr;10(1):143-66

Mkanta W, Opuruiche I, Mejia de Grubb MC, Chakravarthi K. Patient satisfaction and its potential impact on refugee integration into the healthcare system. SGH Proceedings. April 2017:1-7 

Jacobs RJ, Ownby RL, Acevedo A, Waldrop-Valverde D. A qualitative study examining health literacy and chronic illness self-management in Hispanic and non-Hispanic older adults. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2017 Apr 20;10:167-177

Jacobs RJ, Kane MN, Sklar EM. Sexual communication and seroadaptation practices in HIV-negative midlife and older men who have sex with men. J Soc Serv Res. 2017;43(2):193-204

Ownby RL, Acevedo A, Waldrop-Valverde D, Caballero J, Jacobs RJ, et al. A mobile app for chronic disease self-management: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2017 Apr 5;6(4):e53

Salihu HM, Adegoke K, Turner D, Al Agili D, Berry EL. Social support and health-related quality of life among low-income women: Findings from Community-based participatory research. South Med J. 2017 Apr;110(4):270-277 

Levine RS, Hennekens CH. Historical Misfeasance. Am J Public Health. 2017 May;107(5):e2

Ownby RL, Acevedo A, Waldrop-Valverde D, Caballero J, Simonson M, ,Jacobs RJ, et al. A mobile application for chronic disease self-management: a randomized, controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2017 Apr;6(4):e53

Brown Speights JS, Goldfarb SS, Wells BA, Beitsch L, Levine RS, Rust G. State-level progress in reducing the black-white infant mortality gap, United States, 1999-2013. Am J Public Health. 2017 May;107(5):775-782

Ibrahimou B, Albatineh AN, Salihu HM, et al. Ambient PM2.5 aluminum and elemental carbon and placental abruption mortality. J Occup Environ Med. 2017 Feb;59(2):148-153

Salemi JL, Tanner JP, Sampat DP, Rutkowski RE, Anjohrin SB, Marshall J, Kirby RS. Evaluation of the sensitivity and accuracy of birth defects indicators on the 2003 Revision of the U.S. Birth Certificate: Has data quality improved? Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 Jan;31(1):67-75 

Kowalchuk A, Gonzalez SJ, Zoorob R. Substance use issues among the underserved: America and international perspectives. In: Heidelbaugh JJ, Morelli V, Zoorob R, eds. Primary Care of the Medically Underserved. Elsevier Prim Care. 2017 Mar;44(1):113-125

Morelli V, Zoorob RJPreface. Elsevier Prim Care. 2017 Mar;44(1):xvii-xviii  

Huang WGrigoryan LStudent self-assessment versus preceptor assessment at the midpoint of a family medicine clerkship. Fam Med Com Health. 2017 Mar;5(1):65-70

Spooner KK, Salemi JL, Salihu HM, Zoorob RJDischarge against medical advice in the United States: a cross-sectional analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Apr;92(4):525-535

Halder GE, Salemi JL, Mikhail E. Association between obesity and perioperative morbidity in open versus laparoscopic sacrocolpopexyFemale Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2017 Mar/Apr;23(2):146-150

Zoorob RThe global burden of preventable cancer mortality. Fam Med Community Health. 2017 Apr;5(1):1-2

Gonzalez SJ, Mejia de Grubb MC, Mahadasyam S, Levine RS. Primary and secondary prevention of colorectal cancer: An evidence-based review. Fam Med Community Health. 2017 Apr;5(1):78-84

Mejia de Grubb MC, Kilbourne B, Kilbourne K, Langston MA, Littner L, Zoorob R, Levine RS. Socioeconomic, environmental, and geographic factors and United States lung cancer mortality, 1999-2009. Fam Med Community Health. 2017 Apr;5(1):3-12

Wang H, Mejia de Grubb MC, Gonzalez SJ, Sidani M, Ma J,Zoorob R. Temporal trends in colorectal cancer incidence by gender and subsite among Asian American populations in the United States, 1994-2013. Fam Med Community Health. 2017 Apr;5(1):56-64

Hernandez I, Reina-Ortiz M, Johnson A, Salihu HM, et al. Risk factors associated with HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ecuador. Am J Mens Health 2017 Sep;11(5):1331-1341 

Huang WY, Grigoryan L, Aggarwal APredictors of student use of an electronic record. Clin Teach. 2018 Mar 25. [Epub ahead of print] 

Mogos MF, Salemi JL, Salihu HMReply. J Hypertens. 2018 Apr;36(4):957-958

Husaini BA, Juarez DT, Moonis M, Levine RDepression effects on hospital cost of California heart failure. Indian J Community Med. Jan-Mar 2018. 43(1):9-22

Kane MN, Jacobs RJ, Green D. Forgiveness and gender between friends and coworkers. J Spiritual Ment Health. 21(1):37-54

Carvalho-Salemi J, Salemi JL, Wong-Vega MR, Spooner KK, Juarez MD, Beer SS, Canada ML. Malnutrition among hospitalized children in the United States: Changing prevalence, clinical correlates, and practice patterns between 2002 and 2011. Am J Public Health. 2018 Jan;118(1):40-51.e7

Kane MN, Jacobs RJ, Platt K, Sherman D, DeRigne LA. Attributions about mindfulness and religion among university students. J Spirit Ment Health. 2018 Jan;20(1):51-69

Salihu HM, Salemi JL, Aggarwal A, Steele BF, Pepper RC, Mogos MF, Aliyu MH. Opioid drug use and acute cardiac events among pregnant women in the United States. Am J Med. 2018 Jan;131(1):64-71.e1

Jacobs RJ, Iqbal H, Rana AM, Rana Z, Kane MN. Predictors of osteopathic medical students’ readiness to use health information technology.  J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2017 Dec;117:773-781

Ho V, Metcalfe L, Dark C, Vu L, Weber E, Shelton G, Underwood HR. Comparing utilization and costs of care in freestanding emergency departments, hospital emergency departments, and urgent care centers. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Dec;70(6):846-857.e3

Jacobs RJAggarwal A, Zoorob R. Multilevel predictors of allied health and medical students’ readiness to use technology tools in future settings: implications for evidence-based curriculum enhancement. ICERI Proceedings. 2017:0486-92

Gonzalez SJIdentifying and supporting students affected by prenatal alcohol exposure. NASW Section Connections. Fall/Winter 2017

Johnson A, Mason T, Kirby RS, Ledford D, Salihu HMExamining the association between maternal atopy and birth outcomes using a retrospective cohort in the southeastern region of the USABMJ Open.2017 Nov 12;7(11):e017161

Chima CC, Salemi JL. Gonzalez SJ, Mejia de Grubb MC, Wang M, Zoorob R. Multimorbidity is associated with increased rates of depression in patients hospitalized with diabetes mellitus in the United States. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 Nov;31(11):1571-1579

Mejia de Grubb MC, Salemi JL, Kihlberg C, Gonzalez SJ, Zoorob R, Levine RS. Disparities in accuracy of maternal perceptions of obesity among Hispanic children. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2017 Aug;28(3):1208-1221

Jacobs RJ, Iqbal H, Rana AM, Rana Z, Kane MN. Predictors of medical students’ readiness to utilize health information technology. 2017 Dec 1;117(12):773-781

Gonzalez SJ, Grubb J, Kowalchuk, A, Sidani M, Spooner K, Zoorob R. (2017) Addressing alcohol use practice manual: An alcohol screening and brief intervention program. American Academy of Family Physicians.

Rutkowski R,Salemi JL, Tanner JP, Anjohrin SB, Cavicchia P, Lake-Burger H, Kirby RS. Are children born with birth defects at increased risk of serious injuries in early childhood? J Pediatr. 2017 Sep;188:148-55.e2

Bray JHNeuroscience and attachment in helping maltreated children and adolescents. PsycCritiques. 2017;62:6 

Mkanta W, Chumbler N, Yang K, Saigal R, Abdollahi M, Mejia de Grubb MC, Ezekekwu E. An examination of the likelihood of home discharge after general hospitalizations among medicaid recipients. INQUIRY. 2017 June;54:1-6  

Salemi JL, Zoorob RJ. Evaluating point-of-care HbA1c testing in primary care: Comparing apples to apples (Letter). Ann Fam Med.2017 May 1 

Jacobs RJ, Kane MN, Wallace EM, Rana AM Iqbal H, Rana Z. Factors influencing osteopathic medical students’ intent to work with underserved populations: implications for curriculum enhancement. Int J Osteopathic Med. 24:42-47 

Whiteman VE, Goswami A, Salihu HMTelomere length and fetal programming: A review of recent scientific advances. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2017 May;77(5) 

Zoorob RJ, Grubb J, Gonzalez SJ, Kowalchuk AAUsing alcohol screening and brief intervention to address patients’ risky drinking. Fam Pract Manag. 24(3):12-16  

Salemi JL, Spooner KK, Mejia de Grubb MC, Aggarwal A, Matas JL, Salihu HMNational trends of hepatitis B and C during pregnancy across sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors, United States 1998-2011 J Med Virol. 2017 Jun;89(6):1025-1032

Horstman MJ, Mills WL, Herman LI, Cai C, Shelton G, Qdaisat T, Berger DH, Naik AD. Patient experience with discharge instructions in postdischarge recovery: A qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2017 Feb 22;7(2):e014842 

Zesiewicz TA, Stephenson JB, Kim SH, Salemi JL, et al. Longitudinal gait and balance decline in Friedreich's Ataxia: A pilot study. Gait Posture. 2017 Jun;55:25-30

Bhise V, Meyer AND, Singh H, Wei L, Al-Mutairi A, et al. Errors in diagnosis of spinal epidural abscesses in the era of electronic health records. Am J Med. 2017 Aug;130(8):975-981

Holton-Burke RC, Buck DSLowering cost and improving outcomes through social interventions. New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) Catalyst. 2017 Mar 07

Meyer AN, Murphy DR, Al-Mutairi A, Sittig DF, Wei L, Russo E, Singh H. Electronic detection of delayed test result follow-up in patients with hypothyroidism. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Jul;32(7):753-759