Most Common PFDs
Prolapse simply means the slipping down or forward of an organ or body part. A pelvic organ prolapse can happen to any one of the organs in your pelvic floor. Your doctor may use different names for different types of prolapse. We have listed them here so if you hear them at your doctor’s office, you know what they mean.
- Cystocele: the bladder dropping into the vagina
- Urethrocele: the urethra, the tube that connects the bladder to the outside of the body for urinating, bulges into the vagina
- Enterocele: the small intestine drops and pushes the back of the vagina
- Rectocele: the rectum, or the last portion of the small intestine which ends at the anus, bulging into the vagina
- Uterine Prolapse: the uterus drops into the vagina
- Vaginal Vault Prolapse: the top of the vagina drops down into the vaginal canal or outside the body
Other Common PFD Terms
For more information...
In 2001, NICHD established the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network to encourage collaborative research on PFDs and to improve patient care. Medical officer and gynecologist Susan Meikle, M.D., M.S.P.H., from NICHD’s Gynecologic Health and Disease Branch, oversees the network. Read the full Spotlight here.
Pelvic Floor Disorders: Condition Information. (2013, October 21). Retrieved August 10, 2015, fromhttp://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/pelvicfloor/conditioninfo/Pages/default.aspx
Jelovsek, J., Maher, C., & Barber, M. (2007). Pelvic organ prolapse. Lancet, 369, 1027-1038.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2012). Frequently Asked Questions: Pelvic Support Problems.