Tracheal stenosis is a condition in which the trachea, or windpipe, becomes narrowed. This can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, and wheezing. The severity of the condition can vary from mild to severe, and it can affect both adults and children. In more severe cases, the airway can become blocked, requiring medical intervention.
What causes tracheal stenosis?
Tracheal stenosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including trauma, infection, and congenital abnormalities. In some cases, the cause is unknown. It is important to note that tracheal stenosis can be progressive, meaning that it can become worse over time without treatment.
Treatment for tracheal stenosis depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, certain medications can be used to manage symptoms. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to open up the airway. Other treatments such as airway stenting or laser therapy may also be used.
After surgery, it is important to rest and follow the doctor’s instructions for recovery. This may include antibiotics, pain medications, and breathing exercises. Most people can return to normal activities within a few weeks, but it is important to follow up with the doctor for regular check-ups. With proper care, most people can make a full recovery from tracheal stenosis.