Established in 1900, Baylor College of Medicine is recognized as a premier academic health science center known for excellence in education, research, and patient care. For 2010, U.S. News and World Report ranked Baylor 17th overall among the nation's top medical schools. Baylor is listed 13th among all U.S. medical schools for National Institutes of Health funding, and 2nd in the nation in federal funding for research and development in the biological sciences at universities and colleges by the National Science Foundation.  Baylor trains more than 3,000 medical professionals and has affiliations with eight teaching hospitals. The Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center is a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center conducting more than $100 million in total cancer-related research. 

The Baylor College of Medicine Radiation Oncology Residency Training Program is a four-year residency program (PGY-2 to PGY-5) designed to prepare qualified applicants for careers in Radiation Oncology, satisfy the eligibility requirements of the American Board of Radiology certification in Radiation Oncology, and fulfill requirements of the Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).  The program was originally ACGME accredited in 1981. Candidates enter the program after completing their first postgraduate year (PGY-1, Internship or equivalent). No fewer than 36 months are spent in clinical radiation oncology.

The program consists of three participating teaching sites including the Harris Health System/Smith Clinic, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Baylor St. Luke’s Medical Center. Pediatric cancer and prostate brachytherapy cases are seen during rotations at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Residents are required to rotate at all participating locations during their training.

With its many institutions, diverse patient population, various faculty,  other affiliated ACGME oncology programs (I.A.3), state-of-the-art equipment, comprehensive didactic curriculum, and clinical and basic science research support, the Baylor radiation oncology program  is a four-year program beginning at the PGY II level, and it offers a full complement of educational opportunities. The program is committed to providing residents a strong foundation to fulfill ACGME core competencies, foster individual resident growth, and to graduate residents confident in their ability to practice competently in either an academic or private practice setting.