Recent Awards

Fellows Clinical Research Award, Pediatric Academic Societies: Steven Ford. Gut Microbiota in very low birth weight infants fed an all human milk diet of donor compared to mother’s own milk. May 2017, San Francisco, CA.

Young Investigator Award, American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Shweta Parmekar. Videolaryngoscopy versus Direct Laryngoscopy for Neonatal Endotracheal Intubation by Pediatric Trainees: A Simulation Study. October 2016, San Francisco, CA.

Henry Christian Research Award, American Federation for Medical Research. Hypoglycemia and/or Hyperglycemia in Infants with Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in the CoolCap Trial were Associated with Poor Outcome. Sudeepta Basu. April 2014, Washington, DC.

Basic Science Young Investigator Award, Southern Society for Pediatric Research. Athis Arunachalam. New Orleans, LA.

Young Investigator Award, American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Athis Arunachalam. P2Y2 Purinergic Receptor Function Is Essential for Pathogenesis of Sepsis. October 2013, Orlando, FL.    

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Krithika Lingappan. Gender Based Differences in Hyperoxia-Induced Lung Injury: Role of Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A. October 2011, Boston, MA.

District VII TECaN (Trainee and Early Career Neonatologists) Representative
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Krithika Lingappan. 2010-2012.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Muralidhar Premkumar. The Cell Specific Contribution of Nitric Oxide to the Pathogenesis of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. May 2010, Vancouver, BC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Kaashif Ahmad. The Proneural Gene Math 1 Is Required for Parafacial/Retrotrapezoid Neuronal Development and Respiration at Birth. October 2009, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Binoy Shivanna. Omeprazole Attenuates Hyperoxic Lung Injury in Mice. October 2009, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Kushal Bhakta. Hyperoxic induction of CYP1A1 in human lung epithelial cell lines is protective against hyperoxic cell injury. October 2005, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Drifa Freysdottir. CCAAT/enhancer protein-a expression: association with age and strain-specific susceptibility to hyperoxic induced lung injury. November 2003, New Orleans, LA.

Travel Awards

Steven Ford, SSPR 2017
Acacia Cognata, PAS 2017, PAS 2016
Shweta Parmekar, AAP 2016
Shweta Parmekar, AAP District VII Conference 2016
Athis Arunachalam, SSPR 2014
Jonathan Davies, PAS 2014
Athis Arunachalam, PAS 2014
Zeenia Billimoria, AAP 2014
Erin Umbriaco, AAP 2014
Athis Arunachalam, AAP 2013
Milenka Cuevas, AAP 2012, PAS 2013
Madhulika Kulkarni, PAS 2013
Krithika Lingappan, PAS 2012
Danielle Rios, PAS 2012
Daniela Dinu, AAP 2011, PAS 2012
Krithika Lingappan, AAP 2011
Vivek Vijayamadhavan, PAS 2011
Muralidhar Premkumar, PAS 2010
Kaashif Ahmad, AAP 2009
Ganga Gokulakrishnan, AAP 2009
Binoy Shivanna, AAP 2009, PAS 2009
Mona Khan, PAS 2008
Stefanie Rogers, AAP 2008
Megan McGuirk, PAS 2007
Regine Fortunov, PAS 2006
Michael Janeczko, AAP 2006
Fran Lynch, PAS 2006
Regine Fortunov, AAP 2005
Leslie L. Harris, PAS 2005
Okunola Oluola, PAS 2005

Recent Grants

Thrasher Early Career Award (2014-2017): Sarah Coors. “Dextrose gel for newborn hypoglycemia.”

Klaus Perinatal Research Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2013-2014) Jonathan Davies “Adenosine signaling in bronchopulmonary dysplasia”

Thrasher Early Career Award (2011-2013)
Danielle Rios. "Dopamine vs. vasopressin for cardiovascular support in LBW infants: A randomized, blinded pilot study."

Klaus Perinatal Research Award
From the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2008-2009): Stefanie Rogers. “Vitamin D Status and Impact on Bone Mineralization in Hispanic and Caucasian Infants”

Pediatric Scientist Development Program
Yale (2007-2009): Kaashif Ahmad. 

Klaus Perinatal Research Award
From the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2004-2005): Anuj Sinha. “Attenuation of Hyperoxic Lung Injury by Cytochrome P4501A Inducer Beta-naphthoflavones”

INO Therapeutics/Ikaria Advancing Newborn Medicine:
Kushal Bhakta, 2005-2006
Megan McGuirk, 2006-2007
Boura'a Bou Aram & Mona Khan, 2007-2008
Binoy Shivanna, 2008-2009
Alina Saldarriaga, 2009-2010

Abstracts and Publications

2015 – Present

Thomas AN, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA, Placencia FX. Evidence-based, ethically justified counseling for fetal bilateral renal agenesis. 2017 Feb 21. Doi: 10.1515/jpm-2016-0367. . [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID:28222038.

Parmekar S, Arnold JL, Anselmo C, Pammi M, Hagan J, Fernandes CJ, Lingappan K. Mind the gap: can videolaryngoscopy bridge the competency gap in neonatal endotracheal intubation among pediatric trainees? A randomized controlled study. J Perinatol. 2017 May 18. doi: 10.1038/jp.2017.72. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28518132.

Basu SK Salemi JL, Gunn AJ, Kaiser JR, CoolCap Study Group. Hyperglycaemia in infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy is associated with improved outcomes after therapeutic hypothermia: a post hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2017 Jul;102(4):F299-F306.

Stafford TD, Hagan JL, Sitler CG, Fernandes CJ, Kaiser JR. Therapeutic Hypothermia During Neonatal Transport: Active Cooling Helps Reach the Target. Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag. 2017 Jun;7(2):88-94.

Hoover J, Lingappan K. One Month Old Infant with Hypotonia and Cardio-respiratory Arrest. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Apr;56(4): 397-398.

Kao M, Columbus DA, Suryawan A, Steinhoff-Wagner J, Hernandez-Garcia A, Nguyen HV, Fiorotto ML, Davis TA. Enteral β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate supplementation increases protein synthesis in skeletal muscle of neonatal pigs. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Jun 1;310((11):E1072-84.

Basu SK, Kaiser JR, Guffey D, Minard CG, Guillet R, Gunn AJ; CoolCap Study Group. Hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia are associated with unfavourable outcome in infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: a post hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2016 Mar;101(2):F149-55.

Edwards MS, Popek EJ, Wise B, Hatzenbuehler L, Arunachalam AR, Hair AB. Ascending in utero herpes simplex virus infection in an initially healthy-appearing premature infant. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2015 Mar-Apr;18(2):155-8.


Posey JE, Dariya V, Edmonds JL, Lee El, Probst FJ, Premkumar MH. Syngnathia and obstructive apnea in a case of popliteal pterygium syndrome. Eur J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 173(12):1741-4.

Kostousov V, Nguyen K, Hundalani SG, Teruya J. The influence of free hemoglobin and bilirubin on heparin monitoring by activated partial thromboplastin time and anti-Xa assay. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2014 Nov;138(11):1503-6.

Davies J, Karmouty-Quintana H, Le TT, Chen NY, Weng T, Luo F, Molina J, Moorthy B, Blackburn MR. Adenosine promotes vascular barrier function in hyperoxic lung injury. Physiol Rep. 2014 Sep 28;2(9). pii: e12155.

Ghoneim N, Bauchart-Thevret C, Oosterloo B, Stoll B, Kulkarni M, de Pipaon MS, Zamora IJ, Olutoye OO, Berg B, Wittke A, Burrin DG. Delayed initiation but not gradual advancement of enteral formula feeding reduces the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm pigs. PloS One. 2014 Sep 19;9(9) e106888.

Hundalani SG, Nguyen KT, Soundar E, Kostousov V, Bomgaars L, Moie A, Hui SK, Teruya J. Age-Based Difference in Activation Markers of Coagulation and Fibrinolysis in Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun;15(5):e198-205.


Hundalani S, Pammi M. Invasive fungal infections in newborns and current management strategies. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2013 Jul;11(7):709-21.

Shivanna B, Rios DR, Rossano J, Fernandes CJ, Pammi M. Vasopressin and its analogues for the treatment of refractory hypotension in neonates. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 28(3):CD009171, 2013.

Rios DR, Welty SE, Gunn JK, Beca J, Minard CG, Goldsworthy M, Coleman L, Hunter JV, Andropoulos DB, Shekerdemian LS. Usefulness of routine head ultrasound scans before surgery for congenital heart disease. Pediatrics 131(6):e1765-70, 2013.

Lingappan K, Arunachalam A, Pammi M. Lactoferrin and the newborn: current perspectives. Expert Rev Ani Infect Ther. 2013 Jul; 11(7):695-707.

Lingappan K, Jiang W, Wang L, Couroucli XI, Barrios R, Moorthy B. Sex-specific differences in hyperoxic lung injury in mice: Implications for acute and chronic lung disease in humans. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol pii: S0041-008X(13)00280-9, 2013.


Abrams SA, Hawthorne KM, Rogers SP, Hicks PD, Carpenter TO. Effects of ethnicity and vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and changes in bone mineral content in infants. BMC Pediatr Jan 26;12:6, 2012.

Gokulakrishnan G, Estrada IJ, Sosa HA, Fiorotto ML. In utero glucocorticoid exposure reduces fetal skeletal muscle mass in rats independent of effects on maternal nutrition. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 302(10):R1143-52, 2012.


Fortunov RM, Hulten KG, Allen CH, Hammerman WA, Lamberth LB, Mason EO Jr, Kaplan SL. Nasal Staphylococcus aureus colonization among mothers of term and late preterm previously healthy neonates with community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J 30(1):74-6, 2011.

Hicks PD, Rogers SP, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Abrams SA. Calcium absorption in very low birth weight infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. J Pediatr 158(6):885-890.e1, 2011.

Pammi MV, Flores A, Leeflang M, Versalovic J. Molecular Assays in the Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Pediatrics 128(4):e973-85, 2011.

Cibulskis CC, Giardino AP, Moyer VA. Care transitions from inpatient to outpatient settings: ongoing challenges and emerging best practices. Hosp Pract (Minneap) 39(3):128-39, 2011.

Middleman AB, Sunder PK, Yen AG. Reliability of the history and physical assessment (HAPA) form. Clin Teach 8(3):192-5, 2011.


Rogers SP, Hicks PD, Hamzo M, Veit LE, Abrams SA. Continuous feedings of fortified human milk lead to nutrient losses of fat, calcium and phosphorous. Nutrients 2(3):230-40, 2010.

Venkatesh M, Flores A, Luna RA, Versalovic J. Molecular microbiological methods in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 8(9):1037-48, 2010.


Rose MF, Ren J, Ahmad KA, Chao HT, Klisch TJ, Flora A, Greer JJ, Zoghbi HY. Math 1 is essential for the development of hindbrain neurons critical for perinatal breathing. Neuron 64(3):341-54, 2009.

Rose MF, Ahmad KA, Thaller C, Zoghbi HY. Excitatory neurons of the proprioceptive, interoceptive, and arousal hindbrain networks share a developmental requirement for Math 1. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106(52):22462-7, 2009.

Premkumar MH, Colen JS, Roth DR, Fernandes CJ. Could scrotoschisis mimic an iatrogenic injury? A case report. Urology 73(4):795-6, 2009.

Miesegaes GR, Klisch TJ, Thaller C, Ahmad KA, Atkinson RC, Zoghbi HY. Identification and subclassification of new Atoh1 derived cell populations during mouse spinal cord development. Dev Biol 327(2):339-51, 2009.

Mitchell SM, Rogers SP, Hicks PD, Hawthorne KM, Parker BR, Abrams SA. High frequencies of elevated alkaline phosphatase activity and rickets exist in extremely low birth weight infants despite current nutritional support. BMC Pediatr 9:47, 2009.

Placencia FX, Kong L, Weisman LE. Treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in neonatal mice: lysostaphin versus vancomycin. Pediatr Res 65(4):420-4, 2009.

Walls SA, Kong L, Leeming HA, Placencia FX, Popek EJ, Weisman LE. Antibiotic prophylaxis improves Ureaplasma-associated lung disease in suckling mice. Pediatr Res 66(2):197-202, 2009.

Willis TC, Carter BA, Rogers SP, Hawthorne KM, Hicks PD, Abrams SA. High Rates of Mortality and Morbidity Occur in Infants With Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Jul 8, 2009. 


Bhakta KY, Jiang W, Couroucli XI, Fazili IS, Muthiah K, Moorthy B. Regulation of cytochrome P4501A1 expression by hyperoxia in human lung cell lines: Implications for hyperoxic lung injury. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 233(2):169-78. Epub 2008 Sep 11.

Burrin DG, Janeczko MJ, Stoll B. Emerging aspects of dietary glutamate metabolism in the developing gut. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17 Suppl 1:368-71, 2008. Review.

Griffin IJ, Lynch MF, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo M, Abrams SA. Magnesium retention in 12 to 48 month-old children. J Am Coll Nutr 27(2):349-55, 2008.

Lu XY, Phung MT, Shaw CA, Pham K, Neil SE, Patel A, Sahoo T, Bacino CA, Stankiewicz P, Kang SH, Lalani S, Chinault AC, Lupski JR, Cheung SW, Beaudet AL. Genomic imbalances in neonates with birth defects: high detection rates by using chromosomal microarray analysis. Pediatrics 122(6):1310-8, 2008.


Amaizu N, Shulman R, Schanler R, Lau C. Acta Paediatr2008 Jan;97(1):61-67. Epub 2007 Dec 3.

Fortunov RM, Hulten KG, Hammerman WA, Mason EO Jr, Kaplan SL. Evaluation and treatment of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus infections in term and late-preterm previously healthy neonates. Pediatrics 120(5):937-45, 2007.

Griffin IJ, Lynch MF, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo MG, Abrams SA. Zinc homeostasis in 1-4 year olds consuming diets typical of US children. Br J Nutr 2007 Aug;98(2):358-63. Epub 2007 Apr 26.

Hays SP, Ordonez JM, Burrin DG, Sunehag AL. Dietary glutamate is almost entirely removed in its first pass through the splanchnic bed in premature infants. Pediatr Res 62(3):353-6, 2007.

Highlander SK, Hulten KG, Qin X, Jiang H, Yerrapragada S, Mason EO Jr, Shang Y, Williams TM, Fortunov RM, et al. Subtle genetic changes enhance virulence of methicillin resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Microbiol 6;7:99, 2007.

Janeczko MJ, Stoll B, Chang X, Guan X, Burrin DG. Extensive gut metabolism limits the intestinal absorption of excessive supplemental dietary glutamate loads in infant pigs. J Nutr 137(11):2384-2390, 2007.

Kienstra KA, Freysdottir D, Gonzales NM, Hirschi KK. Murine neonatal intravascular injections: modeling newborn disease. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 46(6):50-54, 2007.

Lynch MF, Griffin IJ, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo MG, Abrams SA. Calcium balance in 1-4-y-old children. Am J Clin Nutr 85:750-754, 2007.

Lynch MF, Griffin IJ, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo MG, Abrams SA. Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than daily iron intake in 12 to 48 month-old children. J Nutr 137:88-92, 2007.

Lynch MF, Griffin IJ, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo MG, Abrams SA. Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than daily iron intake in 12 to 48 month-old children. J Nutr 137:88-92, 2007.

Reuter SD, O’Donovan DJ, Hegemier SE, Smith EO, Heird WC, Fernandes CJ. Urinary F2-isoprostanes are poor prognostic indicators for the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. J Perinatol 2007 May;27(5):303-306.

Venkatesh MP, Pham D, Kong L, Weisman LE. Prophylaxis with lactoferrin, a novel antimicrobial agent, in a neonatal rat model of coinfection. Adv Ther 24(5):941-54, 2007.

Venkatesh MP, Pham D, Fein M, Kong L, Weisman LE. Neonatal coinfection model of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (Staphylococcus epidermidis) and Candida albicans: fluconazole prophylaxis enhances survival and growth. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51(4):1240-5. Epub 2007 Jan 29.


Bhakta KY, Stark AR. Management of chronic lung disease of the premature infant. Curr Pediatr 16:165-171, 2006.

Fortunov RM, Hulten KG, Hammerman WA, Mason EO, Kaplan SL. Community-acquired staphylococcus aureus infections in term and near-term previously healthy neonates. Pediatr 118(3):874-881, 2006.

Freysdottir D, Olutoye O, Langston C, Fernandes CJ, Tatevian N. Spontaneous pulmonary interstitial emphysema in a term unventilated infant. Pediatr Pulmonol 41(4):374-78, 2006.

Harvey RB, Andrews K, Droleskey RE, Kansagra KV, Stoll B, Burrin DG, Sheffield CL, Anderson RC, Nisbet DJ. Qualitative and quantitative comparison of gut bacterial colonization in enterally and parenterally fed neonatal pigs. Curr Issues Intest Microbiol 7(2): 61-4, 2006.

Johnson MT, Zhang S, Gilkeson R, Ameduri R, Siwik E, Patel CR, Chebotarev O, Kenton AB, Bowles KR, Towbin JA, Robin NH, Brozovich F, Hoit BD. Intrafamilial variability of noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium. Am Heart J 151(5):1012.e7-14.

Venkatesh MP, Placencia FX, Weisman LE. Coagulase-negative staphylococcal infections in the neonate and child: An update. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis 17(3):120-127, 2006.

Venkatesh MP, Weisman LE. Prevention and treatment of respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants: An update. Expert Rev Vaccines 5(2):261-268, 2006.

Venkatesh MP, Weisman L. Prevention and treatment of respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants: an update. Expert Rev Vaccines 5(2):261-68, 2006.


Bhakta KY, Marlin SJ, Shen JJ, Fernandes CJ. Terminal deletion of chromosome 15q26.1: case report and brief literature review. J Perinatology 25(6):429-432, 2005.

Jeha GS, Venkatesh MP, Edelen RC, Kienstra KA, Karaviti L, Fernandes CJ. Neonatal diabetes mellitus: patient reports and review of current knowledge and clinical practice. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 18(11):1095-102, 2005.

Kenton AB, O'Donovan D, Cass DL, Helmrath MA, Smith EO, Fernandes CJ, Washburn K, Weihe EK, Brandt ML. Severe thrombocytopenia predicts outcome in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis. J Perinatol 25(1):14-20, 2005.

Kenton AB, Hegemier S, Smith EO, O'Donovan DJ, Brandt ML, Cass DL, Helmrath MA, Washburn K, Weihe EK, Fernandes CJ. Platelet transfusions in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis do not lower mortality but may increase morbidity. J Perinatol 25(3):173-177, 2005.

Scheel CE, Schanler RJ, Lau C. Does the choice of bottle nipple affect the oral feeding performance of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants? Acta physiologica 94:1266-72, 2005.

Sinha A, Fernandes CJ, Kim JJ, Fenrich AL Jr, Enciso J. Atrial flutter following placement of an umbilical venous catheter. Am J Perinatol 22(5):275-77, 2005.

Sinha A, Muthiah K, Jiang W, Couroucli XI, Barrios R, and Moorthy B. Attenuation of hyperoxic lung injury by the cytochrome P4501A1 inducer, ß-naphthoflavone. Toxicol Sci 87(1):204-12, 2005.


Kenton AB, Fernandes CJ, Berseth CL. Gastric residuals in prediction of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics (Letter) 113(6):1848-1849, 2004.

Kenton AB, Sanchez X, Coveler KJ, Makar KA, Jimenez S, Ichida F, Murphy RT, Elliott PM, McKenna W, Bowles KR. Isolated left ventricular noncompaction is rarely caused by mutations in G4.5, alpha-dystrobrevin and FK Binding Protein-12. Mol Genet Metab 82(2):162-166, 2004.

Lynch FN, Fernandes CJ, Shaffer LG, Potocki L. Trisomy 14 mosaicism: a case report and review of the literature. J Perinatol 24(2):121-123, 2004.

Tran TP, Weisman LE. Dexamethasone affects neonatal group B streptococcal infection. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal Jan 23(1):47-52, 2004.