Neuroscience in the News: 2019

Peter Saggau Appointed Emeritus Professor

Dr. Peter Saggau has been appointed as an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Neuroscience at Baylor College of Medicine. 

Dr. Matthew Rasband recognized for outstanding mentorship

Dr. Matthew N. Rasband, professor, and Vivian L. Smith Endowed Chair in Neuroscience at Baylor College of Medicine, has been awarded the Landis Award for Outstanding Mentorship.

Dr. Joanna Jankowsky receives Alzheimer’s Association grant

Dr. Joanna Jankowsky has been awarded a Zenith Fellows research grant, which supports scientists who have contributed significantly to the Alzheimer's disease research field.

Microbial-based treatment reverses social deficits in mouse models of autism

An unconventional bacteria-based approach has successfully reversed deficits in social behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in genetic, environmental, and idiopathic mouse models of the condition.

Neuroscience in the News : 2018

Sept. 4, 2018: Image of the Month: Neurons in the retina 

In her lab, Dr. Samuel investigates neural wiring pathways and molecules involved in helping neurons make the right connections with other neurons for normal neural function.

Aug. 23, 2018: Pay attention to the ‘noise’ in your brain 

In a recent study, Dr. George Denfield and his colleagues found evidence that variability can be attributed to fluctuations in internally generated signals like attention, so that the more one’s attention is split, the “noisier” the neuronal responses appear to be from the outside.

Feb. 21, 2018 : MIT Technology Review: A Less-Artificial Intelligence

A fair number of engineers working on artificial intelligence don’t care whether their systems resemble real brains or not, as long as they perform well. But even today’s best systems can generalize only if fed thousands of samples, and they can’t transfer their generalizations to new contexts. This leaves AI vulnerable to attackers, who can trick it with tiny tweaks to the data. Neuroscientist Andreas Tolias believes that brain-like features could fix these problems.

Neuroscience in the News  2016 - 2017

Sept. 27, 2017: Dr. Matthew Rasband receives the United States - Israel Binational Science Foundation Neufeld Memorial Research Award

Dr. Rasband's United States - Israel Binational Science Foundation-funded research involves a complex study of nodes of Ranvier, also known as myelin-sheath gaps. Myelin is an insulating membrane sheath produced by specialized glial cells in the central nervous system (which includes nerves in the brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (nerves throughout the rest of the body.) Myelin enables fast and efficient nerve conduction that is essential for proper body function, and in some cases, even survival. Destruction of myelin leads to several neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, and is also associated with psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders.

Sept. 11, 2017: DNA looping may lead to opportunities to treat brain tumors

A recent paper from Dr. Deneen's lab in the journal Nature Neuroscience describes the mechanism by which normal brain cells regulate the expression of the NFIA gene, which is important for both normal brain development and brain tumor growth.

July 13, 2017: Creative Minds: Reprogramming the Brain

Read an entry from the NIH Director's Blog describing the important work in Melanie Samuel's lab.

March 20, 2017: Neurons deep in brain more active than once thought

It's the part of the brain that makes sure you cannot tickle yourself. The cerebellum, an apple-sized region near the base of the skull, senses that your own fingers are the ones trying to tickle, and cancels your usual response. Cerebellar neurons, which were thought to fire only rarely as they take in information from the senses, are in fact far more active than previously suspected, according to a recent study in the journal Nature Neuroscience. “The study is the first to look at the activity of these neurons, known as granule cells, in the brains of living animals while they are learning a task,” said Dr. Javier Medina, associate professor and the Vivian L. Smith Endowed Chair in Neuroscience at Baylor College of Medicine, and a senior co-author with Dr. Sam Wang, professor of molecular biology and the Princeton Neuroscience Institute. "We knew very little about how these neurons in the cerebellum were firing when the brain is engaged in behavior.”

Feb. 7, 2017: Vital links between brain tumors, epileptic seizures found

Detecting brain tumors at the earliest possible stage and eliminating them before seizures begin might be possible one day, according to research by scientists at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital, including Neuroscience Associate Professor Dr. Benjamin Deneen. In the study, which is published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the scientists report that the emergence of specific brain cells during brain tumor progression in a mouse model marked the onset of seizures and brain tumor invasion. An improved understanding of how brain tumors cause seizures can potentially lead to strategies to prevent them or treat them.

June 18, 2016: See coverage in The Economist of research from the Costa-Mattioli Lab linking gut flora with autism

Drs. Mauro Costa-Mattioli and Shelly Buffington have published evidence in Cell that, in mice at least, a clear relationship exists between gut flora, obesity and social behavior.

April 29, 2016: New McNair Scholar at Baylor College of Medicine to study biophysics of cognition

Purposeful and intelligent movements seem to happen with little thought; yet a single movement involves a complex neural network that spans multiple regions of the brain. Understanding the internal processes that leads to planning and execution of voluntary movement is critical to understanding cognitive disorders and is the research focus of Dr. Nuo Li, the newest McNair Scholar at Baylor College of Medicine.

March 11, 2016: Research on mouse's brain could lead to smarter machines

An international team of scientists, led by Dr. Andreas Tolias, is hoping that the key to building smarter computers and artificial intelligence may be locked inside a tiny portion of a mouse's brain which they plan on mapping to ultimately allow machines to learn as we do.

March 11, 2016: Dr. Benjamin Deneen appears on KHOU's Great Day Houston

Multiple Sclerosis is a disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord that affects 2.3 million people worldwide. Dr. Benjamin Deneen, from Baylor College of Medicine talks about the research he is doing to help find a cure. 

March 3, 2016: New MRI scanner offers new views of the brain

The Core for Advanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging at Baylor College of Medicine it is now home to the only Siemens Prisma MRI scanner in the region. This powerful resource is available to all Neuroscience researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and across the Texas Medical Center.