Professor of Surgery
Division of Surgical Oncology
Baylor College of Medicine
Molecular Virology & Microbiology, Pathology & Immunology
Baylor College of Medicine


Advanced Training from Emory University
Ph.D. from Emory University
M.S. from University Of Texas At El Paso
Advanced Training from [Other Institution]
M.D. from Nanjing University

Honors & Awards

Molecular Surgeon Research Achievement Award
Norton Rose Fulbright Faculty Excellence Award for Teaching & Evaluation

Professional Interests

  • HIV vaccines
  • Pancreatic cancer pathogenesis
  • Nanoparticle targeted delivery

Professional Statement

My lab is interested in developing non-infectious HIV virus-like particles (VLPs) as candidate HIV mucosal vaccines for both preventive and therapeutic purposes. In preclinical studies, VLPs formed by structural proteins are highly immunogenic and capable of inducing protective immunity against various viral infections. We have modified vaccine immunogens into chimeric HIV VLPs which contain influenza viral surface glycoprotein HA or other immunologically functional molecules. We have shown that the chimeric HIV VLPs can induce enhanced humoral and cellular immune responses against HIV in a mouse model.

We have also studied the basic mechanisms of VLP-induced humoral and cellular immune responses, and other factors that affect these responses. For example, we found that VLP vaccines activate conventional B2 cells and promote B cell differentiation to IgG2a producing plasma cells; that VLP vaccines travel to the lymph nodes upon immunization and can be directly visualized by optical imaging techniques; and that intradermal immunization generates improved responses and might be a preferable delivery route for viral and cancer immunotherapeutic studies involving VLPs.

Since dendritic cells (DCs) have long been known to be pivotal in initiating immune responses, we are also interested in how VLPs modulate DC functions and will evaluate the efficacy of VLP-pulsed DC vaccines. In addition, we are interested in testing the efficacy of modified chimeric VLP oral-mucosal immunization in non-human primates.

Pancreatic cancer pathogenesis and therapy

Pancreatic cancer has one of the highest mortality rates and ranks as the fourth leading cause of cancer death in North America. Survival is poor because there are no reliable tests for early diagnosis and no effective therapies to treat metastatic disease. There is a need to better understand the molecular mechanisms of pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis and to develop effective treatments. My lab currently focuses on the study of key molecules in pancreatic cancer, including mesothelin (MSLN), trop2, and semaphorin 3E, and in their mechanisms of regulation. I am also interested in the involvement of microRNAs (miR-198) in pancreatic cancer, and how their dysregulation leads to pathogenesis. We are also currently exploring tumor-associated molecule targeted therapies and RNA interference delivery by liposomes and PLGA nanoparticles in vivo. Our group has shown that vaccinating mice with chimeric virus-like particles containing MSLN significantly inhibited tumor progression, suggesting a new therapeutic vaccine strategy whereby MSLN is targeted to attempt to control pancreatic cancer progression. We are also employing a K-ras mutation spontaneous pancreatic cancer mouse model to study prevention and the potential of our therapeutic regimens.

Selected Publications


American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association for Cancer Research
Association for Academic Surgery
American Association of Immunologists
Society of Chinese Bioscientists in America
American Society for Virology