Department of Pediatrics

Neonatal-Perinatal Fellowship Alumni Accomplishments


Recent Awards


Fellows Clinical Research Award, Pediatric Academic Societies: Steven Ford. Gut Microbiota in very low birth weight infants fed an all human milk diet of donor compared to mother’s own milk. May 2017, San Francisco, CA.

Young Investigator Award, American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Shweta Parmekar. Videolaryngoscopy versus Direct Laryngoscopy for Neonatal Endotracheal Intubation by Pediatric Trainees: A Simulation Study. October 2016, San Francisco, CA.

Henry Christian Research Award, American Federation for Medical Research. Hypoglycemia and/or Hyperglycemia in Infants with Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in the CoolCap Trial were Associated with Poor Outcome. Sudeepta Basu. April 2014, Washington, DC.

Basic Science Young Investigator Award, Southern Society for Pediatric Research. Athis Arunachalam. New Orleans, LA.

Young Investigator Award, American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Athis Arunachalam. P2Y2 Purinergic Receptor Function Is Essential for Pathogenesis of Sepsis. October 2013, Orlando, FL.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Krithika Lingappan. Gender Based Differences in Hyperoxia-Induced Lung Injury: Role of Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A. October 2011, Boston, MA.

District VII TECaN (Trainee and Early Career Neonatologists) Representative
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Krithika Lingappan. 2010-2012.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Muralidhar Premkumar. The Cell Specific Contribution of Nitric Oxide to the Pathogenesis of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. May 2010, Vancouver, BC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Kaashif Ahmad. The Proneural Gene Math 1 Is Required for Parafacial/Retrotrapezoid Neuronal Development and Respiration at Birth. October 2009, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Binoy Shivanna. Omeprazole Attenuates Hyperoxic Lung Injury in Mice. October 2009, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Kushal Bhakta. Hyperoxic induction of CYP1A1 in human lung epithelial cell lines is protective against hyperoxic cell injury. October 2005, Washington, DC.

Young Investigator Award
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics: Drifa Freysdottir. CCAAT/enhancer protein-a expression: association with age and strain-specific susceptibility to hyperoxic induced lung injury. November 2003, New Orleans, LA.


Travel Awards


Steven Ford, SSPR 2017
Acacia Cognata, PAS 2017, PAS 2016
Shweta Parmekar, AAP 2016
Shweta Parmekar, AAP District VII Conference 2016
Athis Arunachalam, SSPR 2014
Jonathan Davies, PAS 2014
Athis Arunachalam, PAS 2014
Zeenia Billimoria, AAP 2014
Erin Umbriaco, AAP 2014
Athis Arunachalam, AAP 2013
Milenka Cuevas, AAP 2012, PAS 2013
Madhulika Kulkarni, PAS 2013
Krithika Lingappan, PAS 2012
Danielle Rios, PAS 2012
Daniela Dinu, AAP 2011, PAS 2012
Krithika Lingappan, AAP 2011
Vivek Vijayamadhavan, PAS 2011
Muralidhar Premkumar, PAS 2010
Kaashif Ahmad, AAP 2009
Ganga Gokulakrishnan, AAP 2009
Binoy Shivanna, AAP 2009, PAS 2009
Mona Khan, PAS 2008
Stefanie Rogers, AAP 2008
Megan McGuirk, PAS 2007
Regine Fortunov, PAS 2006
Michael Janeczko, AAP 2006
Fran Lynch, PAS 2006
Regine Fortunov, AAP 2005
Leslie L. Harris, PAS 2005
Okunola Oluola, PAS 2005


Recent Grants


Thrasher Early Career Award (2014-2017): Sarah Coors. “Dextrose gel for newborn hypoglycemia.”

Klaus Perinatal Research Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2013-2014) Jonathan Davies “Adenosine signaling in bronchopulmonary dysplasia”

Thrasher Early Career Award (2011-2013)
Danielle Rios. "Dopamine vs. vasopressin for cardiovascular support in LBW infants: A randomized, blinded pilot study."

Klaus Perinatal Research Award
From the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2008-2009): Stefanie Rogers. “Vitamin D Status and Impact on Bone Mineralization in Hispanic and Caucasian Infants”

Pediatric Scientist Development Program
Yale (2007-2009): Kaashif Ahmad.

Klaus Perinatal Research Award
From the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Perinatal Pediatrics (2004-2005): Anuj Sinha. “Attenuation of Hyperoxic Lung Injury by Cytochrome P4501A Inducer Beta-naphthoflavones”

INO Therapeutics/Ikaria Advancing Newborn Medicine:
Kushal Bhakta, 2005-2006
Megan McGuirk, 2006-2007
Boura'a Bou Aram & Mona Khan, 2007-2008
Binoy Shivanna, 2008-2009
Alina Saldarriaga, 2009-2010


Abstracts and Publications


Peer-Reviewed Publications: Products of all the scholarly activities during fellowship by the fellows (Graduating Classes of 2015-2020)

Call L, Molina T, Stoll B, Guthrie G, Chacko S, Plat J, Robinson J, Lin S, Vonderohe C, Mohammad M, Kunichoff D, Cruz S, Lau P, Premkumar M, Nielsen J, Fang Z, Olutoye O, Thymann T, Britton R, Sangild P, Burrin D. Parenteral lipids shape gut bile acid pools and microbiota profiles in the prevention of cholestasis in preterm pigs. J Lipid Res. 2020 Jul;61(7):1038-1051. doi: 10.1194/jlr.RA120000652. Epub 2020 Apr 29.PMID: 32350078

Alfaro-Cruz LM, Barton KR, Hertel PM, Carter BA, Bergner EM, Garcia-Prats JA, Mehollin-Ray AR, Fishman DS. "TPN-oma": A Rare Complication of Lipid Extravasation With Umbilical Venous Catheterization Misplacement. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 Apr;70(4):e84. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002408.PMID: 32205554.

Rios DR, Rhee CJ, Elizondo L, Brady KM, Rusin CG, Acosta S. Creatinine filtration kinetics in critically Ill neonates. Pediatr Res. 2020 May 26. doi: 10.1038/s41390-020-0977-4. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32454515

Roitsch CM, Patricia KE, Hagan JL, Arnold JL, Sundgren NC. Tablet-Based Decision Support Tool Improves Performance of Neonatal Resuscitation: A Randomized Trial in Simulation. Simul Healthc. 2020 Mar 11. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000422. PMID: 32168290

Bergner EM, Shypailo R, Visuthranukul C, Hagan J, O'Donnell AR, Hawthorne KM, Abrams SA, Hair AB.Growth, Body Composition, and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes at 2 Years Among Preterm Infants Fed an Exclusive Human Milk Diet in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Study. Breastfeed Med. 2020 May;15(5):304-311. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2019.0210. Epub 2020 Apr 16.PMID: 32298596.

Arias-Shah A, Nuthakki S, Mandy G, Krakauer M. Neonatology National Curriculum - Maternal Fetal Medicine: APGAR Scores, Umbilical Cord Gases, and Ventilation.  Organization of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Training Program Directors' National Neonatal Flipped Classroom Program. American Academy of Pediatrics, 2020.

French HM, Arias-Shah A, Gisondo C, Gray MM.  Flipped Classroom as an Educational Approach to Adult Learning Theory. Neoreviews, 2020, Mar; 20 (3): e150-e156.          

Kataria-Hale J, Cognata A, Hagan J, Zender J, Sheaks P, Osborne S, Roddy J, Hair A. “The Relationship Between Pre-Operative Feeding Exposures and Post-Operative Outcomes in Infants with Congenital Heart Disease.” Accepted to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 2020.

Kataria-Hale J, Febo-Rodriguez L, Parmekar S. “Hematemesis in a Newborn: A Case Report.” Cureus. 2020; 12:e6784.                                                       

Gregory Valentine, Melissa H Althouse, Caraciolo J Fernandes. The “Baby Moses” law: A case for improving medicolegal education for pediatric trainees. Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development. 2020. Doi: 10.1177/2382120520913955. (In Press)

Sharla Rent, Gregory Valentine, Danielle Ehret, Stephanie Kukora. Global health training during neonatal fellowship: fellow and program director perspectives. Journal of Perinatology. 2020 Mar 9. Doi: 10.1038/s41372-020-0639-8. PMID: 32152489

Shafer G, Placencia F. “The Ethics of Disclosing Diagnostic Errors: What Is the Researcher’s Duty?” JAMA Pediatrics, Mar. 2020, doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0031.

Gregory Valentine*, Maxim Seferovic*, Michelle Turley*, Martha Rac, Eumenia Castro, Angela Major, Brianna Sanchez, Cathy Eppes, Magna Sanz-Cortes, James Dunn, Tiffany Kautz, James Versalovic, Ken Muldrew, Timothy Stout, Michael Belfort, Gail Demmler-Harrison, Kjersti Aagaard. International Journal of Molecular Science. Feb 2019 7;20(3). Pii: E712. Doi: 10.3390/ijms20030712. PMID: 30736425

Gregory Valentine, Amanda Prince, Kjersti Aagaard. The neonatal microbiome and metagenomics: what do we know and what is the future? Neoreviews. May 2019, 20(5)e258-e271;Doi: PMID: 31261078

Shafer G, Arunachalan A, Lohmann P. Newborn with Perinatal Naphthalene Toxicity after Maternal Ingestion of Mothballs during Pregnancy. Neonatology. Karger Publishers, Nov. 2019 1-4, doi:10.1159/000504345.

Shafer G, Singh H, Suresh G. “Diagnostic Errors in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: State of the Science and New Directions.” Seminars in Perinatology. Elsevier Inc, 2019, p. 151175, doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2019.08.004.

Ford SL, Lohmann P, Preidis GA, Gordon PS, O'Donnell A, Hagan J, Venkatachalam A, Balderas M, Luna RA, Hair AB.. Improved feeding tolerance and growth are linked to increased gut microbial community diversity in very-low-birth-weight infants fed mother's own milk compared with donor breast milk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Apr 1;109(4):1088-1097. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz006.PMID: 30982856.

Cognata A, Kataria-Hale J, Griffiths P, Maskatia S, Rios D, O'Donnell A, Roddy DJ, Mehollin-Ray A, Hagan J, Placencia J, Hair AB. Human Milk Use in the Preoperative Period Is Associated with a Lower Risk for Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Neonates with Complex Congenital Heart Disease. J Pediatr. 2019 Dec;215:11-16.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.08.009. Epub 2019 Sep 24.PMID: 31561958

Molina TL, Stoll B, Mohammad M, Mohila CA, Call L, Cui L, Guthrie G, Kunichoff D, Lin S, Welch-Jernigan R, Nielsen J, Premkumar M, Robinson J, Smith V, Teets H, Obelitz-Ryom K, Hagan J, Cruz S, Lau P, Puyau M, Shypailo R, Manjarin R, Butte N, Fang Z, Olutoye O, Thymann T, Sangild P, Burrin D. New generation lipid emulsions increase brain DHA and improve body composition, but not short-term neurodevelopment in parenterally-fed preterm piglets. Brain Behav Immun. 2020 Mar;85:46-56. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.031. Epub 2019 Apr 24.PMID: 31026499

Derrick Chu, Gregory Valentine, Maxim Seferovic, Kjersti Aagaard. The development of the human microbiome: why moms matter. Gastroenterology Clinics. 2019 Sep;48(3):357-375. Doi:10.1016/j.gtc.2019.04.004. PMID: 31383276

Kataria-Hale J, Fernandes C, Speer M. “Pneumopericardium in the Neonate: A Case Report.” 2019. Perfusion.

Kataria-Hale J, Osborne S, Hair A, Hagan J, Pammi M. “Pre-Operative Feeds in Ductal-Dependent Cardiac Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Hosp Pediatr. 2019; 9:998-1006.

Cognata A, Kataria-Hale J, Griffiths P, Maskatia S, Rios D, O’Donnell A, et al. “Human Milk Use in the Pre-Operative Period is Associated with Less Risk for Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Neonates with Complex Congenital Heart Disease. J Pediatr. 2019; 215:11-16.

Arias-Shah A, Pammi M. Evaluation of Cyanosis in the Newborn. Resource Guideline 768. BMJ Best Practice, 2019.

Althouse MH, Stewart C, Jiang W, Moorthy B, Lingappan K. Impact of Early Life Antibiotic Exposure and Neonatal Hyperoxia on the Murine Microbiome and Lung Injury. Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 18;9(1):14992. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-51506-0.PMID: 31628395.

Elizondo LI, Rios DR, Vu E, Kibler K, Easley RB, Andropoulos DB, Acosta S, Rusin CG, Kaiser JR, Brady KM, Rhee CJ. Observed and calculated cerebral critical closing pressure are highly correlated in preterm infants. Pediatr Res. 2019 Aug;86(2):242-246. doi: 10.1038/s41390-019-0403-y. Epub 2019 Apr 19.PMID: 31003233

Lucke AM, Shetty AN, Hagan JL, Walton A, Stafford TD, Chu ZD, Rhee CJ, Kaiser JR, Sanz Cortes M. Early proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy during and after therapeutic hypothermia in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Radiol. 2019 Jun;49(7):941-950. doi: 10.1007/s00247-019-04383-8. Epub 2019 Mar 28.PMID: 30918993

Lucke AM, Hagan JL, Weiss MD. Does ventriculomegaly without hemorrhage impact neurologic and behavioral outcomes of premature neonates? J Perinatol. 2019 Nov;39(11):1577-1580. doi: 10.1038/s41372-019-0492-9. Epub 2019 Sep 5.PMID: 31488905 No abstract available.

Shafer G, Suresh G. “Does Lung Ultrasound Score Predict the Need for Surfactant in Extremely Preterm Neonates?” Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway:1992), Feb. 2019, doi:10.1111/apa.14717.

Shafer G, Suresh G. “Diagnostic Errors in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Case Series.” American Journal of Perinatology Reports, Vol. 08, no. 04, Thieme Medical Publishers, Oct. 2018, pp. e379–e383, doi:10.1055/s-0038-1676619.

Sager E, Hagan J, Parmekar S. Delayed cord clamping in preterm infants: is it time to become standard practice? J Perinatol. 2019 Mar;39(3):513-515. doi: 10.1038/s41372-018-0286-5. Epub 2018 Dec 11.PMID: 30538324 

Bergner EM, Gollins L, Massieu LA, Hurst N, Hair AB.. Nutritional considerations in the care of conjoined twins. Semin Perinatol. 2018 Oct;42(6):355-360. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2018.07.018. Epub 2018 Jul 26.PMID: 30197028.

Bruns AS, Lau PE, Dhillon GS, Hagan J, Kailin JA, Mallory GB, Lohmann P, Olutoye OO, Ruano R, Fernandes CJ. Predictive value of oxygenation index for outcomes in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Sep;53(9):1675-1680. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.12.023. Epub 2018 Jan 13.PMID: 29428594.

Coors SM, Cousin JJ, Hagan JL, Kaiser JR. Prophylactic Dextrose Gel Does Not Prevent Neonatal Hypoglycemia: A Quasi-Experimental Pilot Study. J Pediatr. 2018 Jul;198:156-161. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.02.025. Epub 2018 Mar 28.PMID: 29605395.

Parmekar S, McMullen L, Washington C, Arnold JL. Role of simulation in preparation for the care of conjoined twins-prenatal preparation to separation. Semin Perinatol. 2018 Oct;42(6):329-339. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2018.07.011. Epub 2018 Jul 26.PMID: 30144953.

Magda Sanz Cortes, Ana Maria Rivera, Mayel Yepez, Carolina Guimaraes, Israel Diaz Yunes, Alexander Zarutskie, Ivan Davila, Anil Shetty, Arun Mahadev, Saray Maria Serrano, Nicolas Castillo, Wesley Lee, Gregory Valentine, Michael Belfort, Guido Parra, Carrie Mohila, Kjersti Aagaard, Miguel Parra Saavedra. Clinical Assessment and Brain Findings in a Cohort of Mothers, Fetuses, and Infants Infected with Zika Virus. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2018 Jan 15. Pii: S0002-9378(18)30013-9. PMID: 2935032

Gregory Valentine, Derrick Chu, Christopher Stewart, Kjersti Aagaard. Relationships Between Perinatal Interventions, Maternal-Infant Microbiomes, and Neonatal Outcomes. Clinics in Perinatology. 2018;45(2)339-355. PMID: 29747892

Shetty AN, Lucke AM, Liu P, Sanz Cortes M, Hagan JL, Chu ZD, Hunter JV, Lu H, Lee W, Kaiser JR. Cerebral oxygen metabolism during and after therapeutic hypothermia in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: a feasibility study using magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2019 Feb;49(2):224-233. doi: 10.1007/s00247-018-4283-9. Epub 2018 Nov 6.PMID: 30402807

Gregory Valentine, Maxim Seferovic, Stephanie Fowler, Angela Major, Rodion Gorchakov, Rebecca Berry, Alton Swennes, Kristy Murray, Melissa Suter, Kjersti Aagaard. Timing of Gestational Exposure to Zika Virus is Associated with Postnatal Growth Restriction in a Murine Model. American Journal of Obstetics & Gynecology. 2018 Oct. 219(4):p403.e1-403.e9. PMID: 29902449

Cuevas Guaman M, Lucke AM, Hagan JL, Kaiser JR. Bleeding Complications and Mortality in Neonates Receiving Therapeutic Hypothermia and Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Am J Perinatol. 2018 Feb;35(3):271-276. doi: 10.1055/s-0037-1607197. Epub 2017 Sep 25.PMID: 28946160

Thomas AN, Hagan JL, Lingappan K. Noninvasive ventilation strategies: which to choose? .J Perinatol. 2018 May;38(5):447-450. doi: 10.1038/s41372-017-0026-2. Epub 2017 Dec 27.PMID: 29282353.

Parmekar S, Hagan J. How does high-flow nasal cannulae compare to nasal CPAP for treatment of early respiratory distress? J Perinatol. 2018 Jan;38(1):23-25. doi: 10.1038/jp.2017.163. Epub 2017 Nov 2.PMID: 29095428.

C Sager E, Thomas A, C Sundgren N.Conjoined twins: Pre-birth management, changes to NRP, and transport. Semin Perinatol. 2018 Oct;42(6):321-328. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2018.07.008. Epub 2018 Jul 30.PMID: 30150080.

Thomas A, Johnson K, Placencia FX. An ethically-justifiable, practical approach to decision-making surrounding conjoined-twin separation. Semin Perinatol. 2018 Oct;42(6):381-385. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2018.07.016. Epub 2018 Jul 26.PMID: 30217664.

John Darby, Gregory Valentine, et. al. A 3-Week-Old with an Isolated “Blueberry Muffin” Rash. Pediatrics. 2017. PMID: 28759392

Gregory Valentine, Ariel Maia Lyons-Warren, Elaine Seto, Jonathan Davies. Refractory Seizures in a Term Neonate Due to Pyridoxine Dependent Epilepsy. Neurological Disorders and Therapeutics. 2017. 1.10.15761/NDT.1000109.

Parmekar S, Arnold JL, Anselmo C, Pammi M, Hagan J, Fernandes CJ, Lingappan K. Mind the gap: can videolaryngoscopy bridge the competency gap in neonatal endotracheal intubation among pediatric trainees? a randomized controlled study. J Perinatol. 2017 Aug;37(8):979-983. doi: 10.1038/jp.2017.72. Epub 2017 May 18.PMID: 28518132.

Gregory Valentine, Lucila Marquez, Mohan Pammi. Zika Virus Epidemic: An Update. Expert Reviews for Anti-Infective Therapy. 2016. DOI: 10.1080/14787210.2016.1245614. PMID: 27712118

Gregory Valentine, Lucila Marquez, Mohan Pammi. Zika Virus-Associated Microcephaly and Eye Lesions in the Newborn. Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. 2016. Doi:10.1093/jpids/piw037. PMID: 27405738