Positions

Associate Professor and Section Chief
Medicine
Immunology, Allergy & Rheumatology
Baylor College of Medicine
Faculty Senator
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States

Education

Clinical Fellowship at Brigham And Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
Rheumatology
Post-Doctoral Fellowship at Brigham And Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
MD from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School
PhD from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Graduate School for Biomedical Sciences
Immunology
Residency at Brigham and Women's Hospital/ Harvard Medical School
Internal Medicine

Professional Interests

  • Clinical : Diagnosis and management of autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic sclerosis/scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren’s syndrome, polymyalgia rheumatica, vasculitis
  • Research :To understand the complex cellular and molecular interactions that lead to autoimmune diseases and tissue fibrosis with the goal of identifying novel therapeutic targets.
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Autoimmune mediated lung fibrosis

Professional Statement

Dr. Sandeep Agarwal is a board certified rheumatologist and physician scientist with an independent research laboratory at Baylor College of Medicine. He is the rheumatology subspecialty director at the Baylor Clinic. His clinical interests are largely in autoimmune and arthritic diseases (including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic sclerosis/scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective disease, Sjogren’s syndrome, vasculitis, polymyalgia rheumatica and osteoarthritis. Dr. Agarwal has a specific interest in autoimmune diseases that involve fibrosis of the skin, lungs and other internal organs, which is also the focus of his laboratory research.

Dr. Agarwal’s laboratory is studying the mechanisms that underlie the development of autoimmune and fibrotic disease, including systemic sclerosis/scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. His laboratory is interested in the cells that mediate the fibrotic process, in particularly the interactions between fibroblasts and macrophages. His laboratory has identified increased expression of cadherin-11 in patients with scleroderma and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and demonstrated that cadherin-11 is a critical mediator of lung and skin fibrosis in mouse models. His laboratory has determined that cadherin-11 is an important regulator of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and also regulates macrophage behavior. His laboratory has continues to utilize mouse models, cellular and molecular immunology techniques and samples from patients to determine how cadherin-11 is regulating the development of fibrosis. He is currently working to translate these research findings into the care of patients with autoimmune fibrotic diseases. In addition to cadherin-11, his laboratory has identified a number of other candidate molecules involved in autoimmunity and fibrosis. Ultimately, Dr. Agarwal and his laboratory seek to understand the complex cellular and molecular interactions that lead to tissue fibrosis with the goal of identifying novel therapeutic targets of patients with these diseases.

Selected Publications