Management Strategies: Birth to 3-Years
Some children with FASDs may have discernible developmental disabilities as early as infancy. Early intervention services are available for children 0-36 months of age who have significant developmental delay in one or more areas including language, motor skills, and social skills. Infants and small children with FASD may display irritability, disrupted sleep-wake cycles, or problems processing sensory stimuli, and thus benefit from quiet, structured, and uncluttered environments.
Even without a diagnosis, those who have delays in specific domains, can receive specific developmental services (e.g. occupational therapy for fine motor delays). In the absence of documented delay or a specific diagnosis, the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) states that children younger than three years of age who are at risk of having developmental delays may be eligible for services.