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Independence Among People with Disabilities: II. Personal Independence Profile

Nosek MA, Fuhrer MJ, Howland CA. Independence among people with disabilities: II. Personal Independence Profile. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin 1992;36(1):21-36.


The Personal Independence Profile (PIP) was developed to measure components of independence that are applicable to people with a wide variety of disabilities and that are compatible with the philosophy of independent living. Reliability and validity testing with two hundred consumers indicated that the PIP does appear to measure the construct of independence. Cluster analysis of its Psychological Self-Reliance, Perceived Control, and Physical Functioning subscales identified a three-cluster solution of basic independence profiles: A - independently minded/less disabled, B - independently minded/more disabled, and C - nonindependently minded.

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