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Independent Living Programs: The Impact of Program Age, Consumer Control, and Budget on Program Operation

Nosek MA, Roth PL, Zhu Y. Independent living programs: The impact of program age, consumer control, and budget on program operation. Journal of Rehabilitation 1990;56(4):28-35.


This study 1) reports the results of an effort to comprehensively describe independent living programs and 2) examines the impact of age of program, consumer control, and budget size on the operation of independent living programs. Results indicate that there exists a wide diversity of program characteristics. The profile of a typical program is given. Older programs tend to be distinguished by a more diverse funding base. Programs with higher levels of consumer control of the board of directors tended to have more staff with disabilities, engage in more advocacy activities, and participated in networks. Programs with larger budgets are more likely to offer residential housing services and are less active in advocacy and awareness activities.

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