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Dr. CullenKaren Weber Cullen, DrPH, RD, LD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine


Prevention of diet-related diseases in adulthood through a better nutrition behavior in childhood

My main research interest area is the prevention of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases.

Current projects include the development of a school-based prevention intervention for youth at risk of Type 2 diabetes in middle schools that is a national trial, the delivery and evaluation of an internet-based nutrition behavior change programs for African-American families, and evaluating the Texas school food policy changes, and working with Texas Cooperative Extension to add a more direct component on improving family home food environment and food parenting tips to the EFNEP classes.

Survey Documents

Downloadable surveys sorted by study. Click on the study to go to the appropriate document downloading page.

Representative publications:

Thompson V, Cullen KW,.Watson K, Zakeri I. Increased Availability and Marketing of Fruit, Juice and Vegetables to Middle School Students Increase Consumption. Spring, 2007. Journal of Child Nutrition and Management.

Cullen KW, Watson K Measuring School Foodservice Workers’ Perceptions of Organizational Culture. Spring, 2007. Journal of Child Nutrition and Management.

Cullen KW, Watson K Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Baranowski J, Nicklas T, Fisher J, Islam N, O’Donnell S. Food category purchases vary by household education and race/ethnicity: Results from grocery receipts. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2007;107:1747-1752.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Baranowski T, Baranowski J. Achieving fruit, juice, and vegetable recipe preparation goals influences consumption by 4th grade students. 2007. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Available online at

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen K, Watson K, Canada A, Bhatt R , Liu Y, Zakeri I. Food, Fun, and Fitness Internet Program for Girls: Influencing log-on rate. Health Education and Research. 2007; doi: 10.1093/her/cym020.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Ralston K Middle School Student Lunch Consumption: Impact of Food Source. USDA –ERS Report. 2007.

Cullen KW, Anderson BJ, McKay S, Watson K. Psychometric properties of questionnaires measuring associations between behavioral factors and diabetes care for youth with type 2 diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes. 2007;8:21-27.

Cullen KW, Hartstein J, Reynolds KD, Vu M, Resnicow K, Greene N, White MA; Studies to Treat or Prevent Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Improving the school food environment: Results from a pilot study in middle schools. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2007; 107(3):484-9.

Thompson VJ, Bachman CM, Baranowski T, Cullen KW. Self-efficacy and norm measures for lunch fruit and vegetable consumption are reliable and valid among fifth grade students. J Nutr Educ Beh. 2007; 39:2-7.

Thompson D, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, and Baranowski T.  Development of a Theory-Based Internet Program Promoting Maintenance of Diet and Physical Activity Change to 8 year old African American Girls.  Computers in Education.  2007;48(3):446-459. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.02.005.

Thompson D, Canada A, Bhatt R , Davis J, Plesko, L, Cullen K, Baranowski T, Zakeri I. eHEALTH recruitment challenges. Evaluation and Program Planning. 2006;29:433-440.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Ralston K. Exploring changes on middle school student lunch consumption after local school food service policy modifications. Public Health Nutrition. 2006;9:814-820. pdf version

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Thompson D, Cullen K, Watson K, Liu Y. Fit for life Boy Scout badge: Outcome Evaluation of a Troop and Internet Intervention. Preventive Medicine. 2006;42:181-187.

Cullen KW, Thompson VJ, Watson K, Nicklas T. Marketing Fruit and Vegetables to Middle School Students: Formative Assessment Results. Journal of Child Nutrition and Management 29:fall, 2005

Cullen KW, Thompson DI. Texas school food policy changes related to middle school a la carte/snack bar foods: potential savings in kilocalories. J Am Diet Assoc. 105(12):1952-1954, 2005.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Zakeri I. Squire's Quest: intervention changes occurred at lunch and snack meals. Appetite. 45(2):148-151, 2005.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I. The youth/adolescent questionnaire has low validity and modest reliability among low-income African-American and Hispanic seventh- and eighth-grade youth. J Am Diet Assoc. 104(9):1415-1419, 2004.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Klesges LM, Watson K, Sherwood NE, Story M, Zakeri I, Leachman-Slawson D, Pratt C. Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. Obes Res. 12(Suppl):20S-31S, 2004.

Cullen KW, Klesges LM, Sherwood NE, Baranowski T, Beech B, Pratt C, Zhou A, Rochon J. Measurement characteristics of diet-related psychosocial questionnaires among African-American parents and their 8- to 10-year-old daughters: results from the Girls' health Enrichment Multi-site Studies. Prev Med. 38(Suppl):S34-S42, 2004.

Cullen KW, Himes JH, Baranowski T, Pettit J, Stevens M, Slawson DL, Obarzanek E, Murtaugh M, Matheson D, Sun W, Rochon J. Validity and reliability of a behavior-based food coding system for measuring fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetable, and sweetened beverage consumption: results from the Girls Health Enrichment Multisite Studies. Prev Med. 38(Suppl):S24-S33, 2004.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I. Children's Lunch Consumption of Fruit, Vegetables, Milk, and Sweetened Beverages Changes with Access to Ala Carte/Snack Bar School Meals. American Journal of Public Health 2004;94:463-67.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I, Pryor EW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Watson K. Goal setting is differentially related to change in fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption among fourth-grade children. Health Educ Behav. 31(2):258-269, 2004.

Fiske A, Cullen KW. Effects of promotional materials on vending sales of low-fat items in teachers' lounges. J Am Diet Assoc. 104(1):90-93, 2004.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Owens E, Marsh T, Rittenberry L, de Moor C. Availability, accessibility, and preferences for fruit, 100% fruit juice, and vegetables influence children's dietary behavior. Health Educ Behav. 30(5):615-626, 2003.

Marsh T, Cullen KW, Baranowski T. Validation of a fruit, juice, and vegetable availability questionnaire. J Nutr Educ Behav. 35(2):93-97, 2003.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI, Nicklas T, Zakeri IE, Rochon J. The Fun, Food, and Fitness Project (FFFP): the Baylor GEMS pilot study. Ethn Dis. 13(1 Suppl 1):S30-S39, 2003.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Marsh T, Islam N, Zakeri I, Honess-Morreale L, deMoor C. Squire's Quest! Dietary outcome evaluation of a multimedia game. Am J Prev Med. 24(1):52-61, 2003.

Cullen KW , Lara K, de Moor C. Children's dietary fat intake and fat practices vary by meal and day. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002;102:1773-1778.

Cullen KW, Ash D, Warneke C, de Moor, C Intake of soft drinks, fruit flavored beverages, and fruits and vegetables by children in grades 4 through 6. American Journal of Public Health 2002;92:1475-77.

Cullen KW, Lara K, de Moor, C. Familial concordance of dietary fat practices and intake. Family and Community Health . 2002; 25(2):65-75.

Cullen KW, Bishop R, de Moor, C . Fat practices and consumption among African-American boy scouts: Impact of meal source. Ethnicity and Disease 2002;12:193-198.

Baranowski, T., Baranowski J, Cullen KW, deMoor C, Rittenberry L, Hebert, D, Jones, L., 5 A Day Achievement Badge for African American Boy Scouts: pilot outcome results. Preventive Medicine. 2002; 34:353-363

Baranowski, T Islam, N, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Myers D, Marsh T, deMoor C. The food intake recording software system is valid among fourth grade children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002;102:380-385.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Owens E, de Moor C, Rittenberry L, Olvera N, Resnicow K. Ethnic differences in social correlates of diet. Health Education Research. 17:7-18, 2002.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Smith S. Using goal setting as a strategy for dietary behavior change. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 101:562-66, 2001.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Rittenberry L, Cosart C, Hebert D, de Moor C. Social-environmental influences on children’s fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption as reported by parents: Reliability and validity of measures. Public Health Nutrition. 3:345-356, 2000.

Cullen KW, Rittenberry L, Olvera N, Baranowski T. Environmental influences on children’s diets: Results from focus groups with African-, Euro-, and Mexican-American children and their parents. Health Education Research. 15:581-590. 2000.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C, Davis Hearn M, Resnicow K. The influence of school organizational characteristics on the outcomes of a school health promotion program. Journal of School Health, 69:376-380, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C. Validity and reliability of brief fruit, juice, and vegetable screeners among inner city African-American boys and 18-20 year old adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 18:442-50, 1999.

Robertson S, Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Hu S, de Moor C. Dietary intake, but not physical activity, is related to adiposity in preschool children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99:938-943, 1999.

Cullen KW, Koehly L, Anderson C, Baranowski T, Prokhorov A, Basen-Engquist K, Wetter D, Hergenroeder A. Gender differences in cancer risk behaviors through the transition out of high school. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 17:1-7, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C. Behavioral or epidemiological coding of fruit and vegetable consumption from 24-hour dietary recalls: Research question guides choice. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99:849-851, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski, T, Baranowski JC. Computer software design for recording children’s food intake. Journal of Nutrition Education, 30:405-409, 1998.

Cullen KW, Baranowski, T, Warneke C, de Moor C, Baranowski J, Nwachokor A, Hajek RA, Jones LA. 5 A Day achievement badge for Urban Boy Scouts: Formative evaluation results. Journal of Cancer Education, 13:162-168, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS, Kok G. Intervention mapping: Use of theory and data in the development of a fruit and vegetable nutrition program for girl scouts. Journal of Nutrition Education, 30:188-195, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS, Koehly L. Measuring stage of change for fruit and vegetable consumption in 9- to 12-year-old girls. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(3):241-254, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS. Girl Scouting: An effective channel for nutrition education. Journal of Nutrition Education, 29:86-91, 1997.