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Tom Baranowski

Tom Baranowski, Ph.D.

Professor of Pediatrics (Behavioral Nutrition)
Baylor College of Medicine
tbaranow@bcm.tmc.edu

Behavioral Nutrition Research with Children

My research is directed toward understanding why children eat the foods and engage in the physical activities they do as well as designing and evaluating programs to help change these dietary and physical activity behaviors. Areas of interest include fruit, juice, vegetable (FJV) and water consumption, obesity prevention and physical activity. Differences in these phenomena among major ethnic categories are of particular interest, as is innovations in their measurements.

I am principal investigator for four research grants: the Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program (a multi-site U01 grant for research among middle school students funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases); the Middle School Diabetes Prevention Interactive Multi Media Program (funded as an SBIR grant by the National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases); the role of PROP sensitivity in the development of obesity among ethnically diverse children (an R01 funded by the National Cancer Institute), and the development of an interactive computerized 24 hour dietary recall program (funded by the National Cancer Institute), I am co-investigator on three other funded projects including a walking school bus intervention program; a TV reduction program for preschoolers; an obesity prevention intervention for pediatric primary care; and tests of general versus specific goal setting within a dietary change videogame.

Survey Documents

Downloadable surveys sorted by study. Click on the study to go to the appropriate document downloading page.

Representative Publications:

2007

Baranowski T, Buday R, Thomson D, Baranowski J. Playing for Real Video Games and Stories for Health-Related Behavior Change. Am J Prev Med. Jan 2008, 34(1):74-82. 2007

Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Watson K, Braodfoot A, Cullen K, Nichlas T, Fisher J, O’Donnell S. Home fruit, juice, and vegetable pantry management and availability scales: A validation. Appetite. Sep 2007 [Epub ahead of print]

Thompson D, Canada A, Bhatt R, Davis J, Plesko L, Baranowski T, Cullen K, Zakeri I. eHealth recruitment challenges. Eval Program Plann. Nov 2006, 29(4):433-40.

Beltran A, Knight Sepulveda K, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Islam N, Missaghian M. Mixed foods are similarly categorized by 8-13 year old children. Appetite. Sep 2007 [Epub ahead of print]

Cullen K, Baranowski T, Watson K, Nichlas T, Fisher J, O’Donnell S, Baranowski J, Islam N, Missaghian M. Food category purchases vary by household education and race/ethnicity: results from grocery receipts. J Am Diet Assoc. Oct 2007, 107(10):1747-52.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson D. Distance to food stores & adolescent male fruit and vegetable consumption: mediation effects. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. Sep 2007, 13;4(1):35 [Epub ahead of print].

Gallaway MS, Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Diamond PM. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts. Public Health Nutr. Aug 2007, 9:1-7, [Epub ahead of print].

Thompson VJ, Bachman C, Watson K, Baranowski T, Cullen KW. Measures of self-efficacy and norms for low-fat milk consumption are reliable and related to beverage consumption among 5th graders at school lunch. Public Health Nutr. Aug 2007, 1:1-6, [Epub ahead of print].

Cullen KW, Watson KB, Zakeri I, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH. Achieving fruit, juice, and vegetable recipe preparation goals influences consumption by 4th grade students. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. Jun 2007, 29;4:28.

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen K, et al. Food, Fun and Fitness Internet program for girls: influencing log-on rate. Health Educ Res. Jun 25 2007.

Subar AF, Thompson FE, Potischman N, Forsyth B, Buday R, Richards DT, McNutt S, Hull, SG, Guenther PM, Achatzkin A, Baranowski T. Formative research of a quick list for an automated self-administered 24-hour dietary recall. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2007,107:1002-7.

Jago R, Zakeri I, Baranwoski T, Watson K. Decision boundaries and receiver operating characteristic curves: New methods for determining accelerometer cutpoints. J Sports Sci 2007, 25(8):937-44.

Thompson D, Baranowski J, Cullen K, and Baranowski T. Development of a Theory-Based Internet Program Promoting Maintenance of Diet and Physical Activity Change to 8 year old African American Girls. Computers in Education. 2007, 48(3):446-459.

Baranowski T, Watson K, Missaghian M, Broadfoot A, Baranowski J, Cullen K, Nicklas T, Fisher J, O'Donnell S. Parent outcome expectancies for purchasing fruit and vegetables: a validation. Public Health Nutr. 2007, 10(3):280-91.

*Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC. Fruit and vegetable availability: a micro environmental mediating variable? Public Health Nutr. 2007, 20:1-9.

Thompson VJ, Bachman CM, Baranowski T, Cullen KW. Self-efficacy and norm measures for lunch fruit and vegetable consumption are reliable and valid among fifth grade students. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007, 39(1):2-7.

2006

Masse LC, Wilson M, Baranowski T, Nebeling L. Improving psychometric methods in health education and health behavior research. Health Educ Res. 2006, 21 Suppl 1:1-3.

Watson K, Baranowski T, Thompson D, Jago R, Baranowski JC, Klesges LM. Innovative application of a multidimensional item response model in assessing the influence of social desirability on a pseudo-relationship between self-efficacy and behavior. Health Educ Res. 2006, 21 Suppl 1;85-97.

Watson K, Baranowski T, Thompson D. Item Response modeling: an evaluation of the children’s fruit and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire. Health Educ Res. 2006, 21 Suppl 1:47-57.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI. Social desirability is associated with some physical activity, psychosocial variables and sedentary behavior but not self-reported physical activity among adolescent males. Health Educ Res. 2006 (Sep 20).

Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Broadfoot A, Watson K, Cullen K, Nicklas T, Fisher J, Baranowski JC, O'Donnell S. Fruit and vegetable shopping practices and social support scales: A validation. J Nutri Educ Behav. 2006, 38(6):340-51.

Baranowski T, Allen DD, Masse LC, Wilson M. Does participation in an intervention affect responses on self-report questionnaires? Health Educ Res. 2006, 21 Suppl 1:98-109.

Baranowski T. Advances in basic behavioral research will make the most important contributions to effective dietary change programs at this time. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006, 106(6):808-11.

Yoo S, Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Baranowski JC, Cullen K, Fisher JO, Watson K, Zakeri I F, Nicklas T. Food purchasing patterns for fruit and vegetables for home: A grocery store intercept survey. Public Health Nutr. 2006, 9(3) 384-93.

Bachman CM, Baranowski T, Nicklas TA. Is there an association between sweetened beverages and adiposity? Nutr Rev. 2006, 64(4):153-74.

Baranowski T. Crisis and chaos in behavioral nutrition and physical activity. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006, 3:27.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC. Observed, GIS, and self-reported environmental features and adolescent physical activity. Am J of Health Promot. 2006, 20(6): 422-428.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Thompson D, Cullen KW, Watson K, Liu Y. Fit for Life Boy Scout badge: Outcome evaluation of a troop and Internet intervention. Prev Med. 2006, 42(3):181-187.

Jago, Baranowski T, Watson K, Zakeri I, Yoo S, Baranowski JC, Conry K. Pedometer reliability, validity and daily activity targets among 10 to 15 yr old boys. J Sports Sci. 2006, 24(3): 241-251.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Thompson D, Baranowski JC, Greaves K. Sedentary behavior, not TV viewing, predicts physical activity among 3-7 year old children. Ped Exer Sci. 2006, 17: 364-376.

Rogers LQ, Gutin B, Humphries MC, Lemmon CR, Waller JL, Baranowski T, Saunders R. Evaluation of internal medicine residents as exercise role models and associations with self-reported counseling behavior, confidence, and perceived success. Teach Learn Med. 2006, 18(3):215-21.

Thompson D, Canada A, Bhatt R, Davis J, Plesko L, Baranowski T, Cullen K, and Zakeri I.  Evaluation challenges in eHealth programs promoting healthy diet and physical activity behaviors to youth.  Evaluation and Program Planning. 2006, 29:433-440.

Jago R, Jonker ML, Missaghian M, Baranowski T. Effect of 4 weeks of Pilates on the body composition of young girls. Prev Med. 2006, 42(3):177-80.

Baranowski T, Cooper DM, Harrell J, Hirst K, Kaufman FR, Goran M, Resnicow K; The STOPP-T2D Prevention Study Group. Presence of diabetes risk factors in a large U.S. eighth-grade cohort. Diabetes Care. 2006, 29(2):212-7.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Harris M. Relationships between GIS environmental features and adolescent male physical activity: GIS coding differences. J Phys Act Health. 2006, 3(2): 230-242.

2005

Rogers LQ, Gutin B, Humphries MC, Lemmon CR, Waller JL, Baranowski T, Saunders, R. A Physician Fitness Program: enhancing the physician as an “exercise” role model for patients. Teach Learn Med. 2005, 17(1) 27-35.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Thompson, D, Baranowski J, Greaves K. BMI from 3-6 years of age is predicted by TV viewing and physical activity, not diet. International J Obes. 2005, 29(6): 557-64.

Jago R, Anderson C B, Baranowski T, Watson K. Adolescent patterns of physical activity: Differences by gender, day and time of day. Am J Prev Med. 2005, 28(5): 447-52.

Jago R, Nicklas T, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Yang SJ, Berenson G. Physical activity and health enhancing dietary behaviors in young adults: Bogalusa Heart Study. Prev Med. 2005, 41(1): 194-202.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Zakeri I. Squire’s Quest: Intervention changes occurred at lunch and snack meals. Appetite. 2005, 45(2): 148-51.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Harris M. Observed environmental features and the physical activity of adolescent male. Am J Prev Med. 2005, 29(2): 98-104.

Baranowski T. The ‘new nutrition’ and physical activity. Public Health Nutr. 2005, 8(7):805-7.

Baranowski T, Jago R. Understanding the mechanisms of change in children's physical activity programs. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2005, 33(4):163-8.

Jago R, Anderson CB, Baranowski T, Watson K. Adolescent patterns of physical activity differences by gender, day, and time of day. Am J Prev Med. 2005, 28(5):447-52.

2004

Jago R, Baranowski T, Watson K, Baranowski JC, Nicklas T, Zakeri I. Relationships between maternal and child cardiovascular risk factors: Ethnic differences and lack of influence of physical activity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004, Dec; 158(12):1125-31.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I, Pryor EW, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Watson K. Goal setting is differentially related to change in fruit, juice & vegetable consumption among fourth grade children. Health Educ Behav. 2004; 31(2):258-69.

Baranowski T. Why combine diet and physical activity in the same research society? Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2004, 1:2.

Baranowski T, Klesges LM, Cullen KW, Himes J. Measurement of outcomes, mediators and moderators in behavioral obesity prevention research. Prev Med. 2004; 38:1-13.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Himes JH, Baranowski T, Rochon J, Waclawiw M, Sun W, Stevens M, Slawson DL, Matheson D, Robinson TN. Evaluation of quality control procedures for 24 hour dietary recalls: Results from the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004; 38:14-23.

Cullen KW, Himes JH, Baranowski T, Pettit J, Stevens M, Slawson DL, Obarzanek E, Murtaugh M, Matheson D, Sun W, Rochon J. Validity and reliability of a behavioral-based food coding system for measuring fruit, 100% juice, vegetable, and sweetened beverage consumption for 8-10 year old African-American girls. Prev Med. 2004; 38:24-33.

Cullen KW, Klesges LM, Sherwood NE, Baranowski T, Beech B, Pratt C, Zhou A, Rochon J. Measurement characteristics of diet-related psychosocial questionnaires among African-American parents and their 8-to-10 year old daughters: Results from the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004: 38:34-42.

Treuth MS, Sherwood NE, Baranowski T, Butte NF, Jacobs DR, McClanahan B, Gao S, Rochon J, Zhou A, Robinson TN, Pruitt L, Haskell W, Obarzanek E. Physical activity self report and accelerometry measures from the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004; 38:43-49.

Sherwood NE, Taylor WC, Treuth MS, Klesges LM, Baranowski T, Zhou A, Pratt C, McClanahan B, Robinson TN, Pruitt L, Miller W. Measurement characteristics of activity-related psychosocial measures in 8-10 year old African-American girls in the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Study (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004; 38:60-68.

Taylor WC, Baranowski T, Klesges L, Ey S, Pratt C, Rochon J, Zhou A. Psychometric properties of optimism and pessimism: Results from the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004; 38:69-77.

Klesges L, Baranowski T, Beech BM, Cullen KW, Murray DM, Rochon J, Pratt C. Social desirability bias in self-reported dietary, physical activity and weight concerns measures in 8-10 year old African-American girls: Results from the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Prev Med. 2004; 38:78-87.

Nicklas TA, Morales M, Linares A, Yang S-J, Baranowski T, deMoor C, Berenson G. Children’s meal patterns have changed over a 21-year period: The Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004; 104: 753-761.

Jago, R, Baranowski T. Non-curricular approaches for increasing physical activity in youth: A review. Prev Med. 2004; 39 (1): 157-163.

Nicklas TA, Demory-Luce D, Yang, S-J, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Berenson G. Children’s food consumption patterns have changed over two decades (1973-1994): The Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004, 104:1127-1140.

Demory-Luce D, Morales M, Nicklas, T, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Berenson G. Changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood: The Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004, 104:1684-1691.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Klesges L, Watson K, Sherwood N, Story M, Zakeri I, Leachman-Slawson D, Pratt C. Anthropometric, parental and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:20S-31S.

Thompson D, Jago R, Baranowski T, Watson K, Zakeri I, Cullen KW, Story M, Sherwood N, Pruitt LA, Matheson DM. Covariability in diet and physical activity in African American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:46S-54S.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Yoo S, Cullen KW, Zakeri I, Watson K, Himes J, Pratt C, Sun W, Pruitt LA, Matheson DM. Relationship between physical activity and diet among African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:55S-63S.

Wilson DM, Wang Y, Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Himes JH, Gross M, McClanahan BS, Robinson TN. Assessing weight-related biochemical cardiovascular risk factors in African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:73S-82S.

Himes JH, Obarzanek E, Baranowski T, Wilson DM, Rochon JS, McClanahan BS. Early sexual maturation, body composition, and obesity in African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:64S-72S.

Beech B, Kumanyika S, Baranowski T, Davis M, Robinson T, Sherwood N, Taylor WC, Relyea G, Zhou A, Pratt C, Owens A, Thompson N. Parental cultural perspectives in relation to weight related behaviors and concerns of African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004, 12:7S-19S.

Baranowski T. Integration of two models or dominance of one? J Health Psy. 2004, 10:19-21.

Yoo S, Nicklas T, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Yang S-J, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. Comparison of dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome risk factors in young adults: The Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004; 80:841-8.

2003

Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Nicklas T, Thompson D, Baranowski JC. Are current health behavior change models helpful in guiding prevention of weight gain efforts? Obes Res. 2003, 11:235-43S.

Nicklas T, Yang SJ, Baranowski T, Zakeri I, Berenson G. Eating patterns and obesity in children: The Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Prev Med. 2003, 25 (1):9-16.

deMoor C, Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Nicklas T. Misclassification associated with measurement error in the assessment of dietary intake. Public Health Nutr. 2003, 6(4):393-399.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Owens E, Marsh T, Rittenberry L, deMoor C. Availability, accessibility, and preferences for fruit, 100% fruit juice, and vegetables influence children’s dietary behavior. Health Educ Behav. 2003, 30:615-626.

Resnicow K, McCarty F, Baranowski T. Are pre-contemplators less likely to change their dietary behavior? A prospective analysis. Health Educ Res. 2003; 18(6):693-705.

Thompson VJ, Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Rittenberry L, Baranowski JC, Taylor WC, Nicklas T. Influences on Diet and Physical Activity Among Middle-Class African-American 8-10 year old Girls at Risk for Becoming Obese. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2003, 35(3):115-23.

Marsh T, Cullen KW, Baranowski T. Validation of a fruit, juice, and vegetables availability questionnaire. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2003, 35:93-6.

Rochon J, Klesges RC, Story M, Robinson TN, Baranowski T, Obarzanek E, Mitchell M. Common design elements of the Girl’s health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Ethnicity & Disease. 2003, 13 (1, supplement): S1-6 -- S1-14.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI, Nicklas T, Zakeri I, Rochon J. The Fun, Food, and Fitness Project (FFFP): The Baylor GEMS Pilot Study. Ethnicity & Disease. 2003, 13:1 (Supplement 1): S1-30-9.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Marsh T, Islam N, Zakeri I, Honess-Morreale L, deMoor C. Squire’s Quest! Dietary Outcome Evaluation of a Multimedia Game. Am J Prev Med. 2003, 24(1): 52-61.


Research Projects

Principal Investigator:

Multicultural 5 A Day Achievement Badge Project (Boy Scout Achievement Badges) (ACS).

Influences on Home FJV Availability Study (NCI).

Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program (NIDDK).

Middle School Diabetes Prevention Interactive Multimedia Program (NIDDK).

PROP sensitivity and obesity in multiethnic children

Co-Investigator:

Factors influencing on-on rates in an eHealth obesity prevention program promoting healthy
eating and physical activity to 8-10 year old African American girls (Deborah Thompson, Ph.D., Principal Investigator) (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation).

Dual code theory and youth physical activity self-efficacy (Deborah Thompson, Ph.D., Principal Investigator) (NCI).

Moderating effect of the environment on adolescent physical activity (Russell Jago,
Ph.D., Principal Investigator) (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation).

The Daikon Chronicles: Interactive multimedia games for diet change