skip to content »

Children's Nutrition Research Center - Faculty

Houston, Texas

As a premier academic medical center, BCM accepts the mantle of leadership in patient care, research, and education.
Children's Nutrition Research Center - Faculty
not shown on screen

Karen Weber Cullen, Ph.D., RD, LD

Karen Weber Cullen, Ph.D., RD, LDAssociate Professor of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine

E-mail: kcullen@bcm.edu

Research Interests

Prevention of diet-related diseases in adulthood through a better nutrition behavior in childhood

My main research interest area is the prevention of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases.

Current projects include the development and evaluation of a website on healthy eating and physical activity for high school students; the evaluation of a web-based program on healthy eating for African-American families; the exploration of strategies to increase school breakfast consumption in middle schools, and dissemination of a video intervention on improving the family home food environment and food parenting tips for Cooperative Extension EFNEP classes. She currently serves as a member of the IOM Committee to Review the Child and Adult Food Care programs. She also served on the IOM Committee to Review the National School Lunch and Breakfast Program Meal Patterns and Nutrient Standards in 2008-2009.

Representative Publications

Mendoza JA, Cullen KW, Watson KB Change in Dietary Energy Density after Implementation of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2010;110:434-440. PMC2853227

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen K, Jago R Watson K, Liu Y. Boy Scout 5 A Day Badge: Outcome Results of a Troop and Internet Intervention. Preventive Medicine. 2009; Dec;49(6):518-26.

Cullen KW, Watson KB, Fithian AR. The Impact of School Socioeconomic Status on Student Lunch Consumption after Implementation of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy.. J School Health. 2009;79:11:525-31.

Cullen KW, Lara-Smalling A, Thompson D, Watson KB, Reed D, Konzelmann K. Creating Healthy Home Food Environments: Results of a Study with Participants in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program. J Nutr Ed Behav 2009;41:380-388:

Cullen KW, Buzek B. Knowledge about risk and prevention of type 2 diabetes among African-American and Hispanic adults and adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educator. 2009;35:836-842.

Cullen KW, Constable KL, Konarik M. Foods in Schools: children with diabetes can Make Wise Meal Choices. Diabetes Spectrum.2009;22:183-187

Davis E, Cullen KW, Watson KB, Konarik M, Radcliffe J. The impact of the USDA Free Fruit and Vegetable Program on high school student fruit and vegetable consumption. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2009;109;1227-1231.

Cullen KW, Watson KB, Konarik M. Differences in fruit and vegetable exposure and preferences among adolescents receiving free fruit and vegetable snacks at school. Appetite. 2009;52(3):740-4.

Cullen KW, Watson K The impact of the Texas public school nutrition policy on student food selection and sales in Texas. American Journal of Public Health. 2009;99 713-719. PMC2156068

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Watson K, Liu Y, Canada A, Bhatt R, Zakeri I. Food, Fun, & Fitness Internet Program for Girls: Pilot Evaluation of an eHealth Youth Obesity Prevention Program Examining Predictors of Obesity. Preventive Medicine. 20

Baranowski T, Watson K, Missaghian M, Broadfoot A, Cullen K, Nicklas T, Fisher J, Baranowski J, O'Donnell S Social support is a primary influence on home fruit, 100% juice, and vegetable availability. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2008;108

Thompson VJ, Bachman C, Watson K, Baranowski T, Cullen KW. Measures of self-efficacy and norms for low-fat milk consumption are reliable and related to beverage consumption among 5th graders at school lunch. Public Health Nutrition. 2008 Apr;11(4):421-6.

Cullen KW, Watson K. Relative validity and reliability of the Block Youth Food Frequency Questionnaire among 10-17 year old youth. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2008;108:862-866.

Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Watson K, Broadfoot A, Cullen K, Nicklas T, Fisher J, O'Donnell S. Home fruit, juice, and vegetable pantry management and availability scales: A validation. Appetite.2008;50: 266-277.

Hartstein J, Cullen KW, Reynolds K, Harrell J, Kennel P. The impact of portion size

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I. Improvements in middle school student dietary intake after implementation of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy. American Journal of Public Health. 2008; Jan;98(1):111-7. PMCID: PMC2156068

Cullen KW, Thompson DI. Feasibility of an 8-week web-based program promoting healthy eating behaviors for African-American families. Am J Health Behav. 2008; Jan-Feb;32(1):40-51.

Thompson V, Cullen KW,.Watson K, Zakeri I. Increased Availability and Marketing of Fruit, Juice and Vegetables to Middle School Students Increase Consumption. Spring, 2007. Journal of Child Nutrition and Management. http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/07spring/thompson/index.asp

Cullen KW, Watson K Measuring School Foodservice Workers’ Perceptions of Organizational Culture. Spring, 2007. http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/07spring/cullen/index.asp Journal of Child Nutrition and Management.

Cullen KW, Watson K Baranowski T, Missaghian M, Baranowski J, Nicklas T, Fisher J, Islam N, O’Donnell S. Food category purchases vary by household education and race/ethnicity: Results from grocery receipts. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2007;107:1747-1752.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Baranowski T, Baranowski J. Achieving fruit, juice, and vegetable recipe preparation goals influences consumption by 4th grade students. 2007. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Available online at http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/4/1/28

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen K, Watson K, Canada A, Bhatt R , Liu Y, Zakeri I. Food, Fun, and Fitness Internet Program for Girls: Influencing log-on rate. Health Education and Research. 2007; doi: 10.1093/her/cym020.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Ralston K Middle School Student Lunch Consumption: Impact of Food Source. USDA –ERS Report. 2007. http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ccr30/ccr30.pdf

Cullen KW, Anderson BJ, McKay S, Watson K. Psychometric properties of questionnaires measuring associations between behavioral factors and diabetes care for youth with type 2 diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes. 2007;8:21-27.

Cullen KW, Hartstein J, Reynolds KD, Vu M, Resnicow K, Greene N, White MA; Studies to Treat or Prevent Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Improving the school food environment: Results from a pilot study in middle schools. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2007; 107(3):484-9.

Thompson VJ, Bachman CM, Baranowski T, Cullen KW. Self-efficacy and norm measures for lunch fruit and vegetable consumption are reliable and valid among fifth grade students. J Nutr Educ Beh. 2007; 39:2-7.

Thompson D, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, and Baranowski T. Development of a Theory-Based Internet Program Promoting Maintenance of Diet and Physical Activity Change to 8 year old African American Girls. Computers in Education. 2007;48(3):446-459. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.02.005.

Thompson D, Canada A, Bhatt R , Davis J, Plesko, L, Cullen K, Baranowski T, Zakeri I. eHEALTH recruitment challenges. Evaluation and Program Planning. 2006;29:433-440.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Ralston K. Exploring changes on middle school student lunch consumption after local school food service policy modifications. Public Health Nutrition. 2006;9:814-820.

Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Thompson D, Cullen K, Watson K, Liu Y. Fit for life Boy Scout badge: Outcome Evaluation of a Troop and Internet Intervention. Preventive Medicine. 2006;42:181-187.

Cullen KW, Thompson VJ, Watson K, Nicklas T. Marketing Fruit and Vegetables to Middle School Students: Formative Assessment Results. Journal of Child Nutrition and Management 29:fall, 2005 http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/05fall/

Cullen KW, Thompson DI. Texas school food policy changes related to middle school a la carte/snack bar foods: potential savings in kilocalories. J Am Diet Assoc. 105(12):1952-1954, 2005.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Zakeri I. Squire's Quest: intervention changes occurred at lunch and snack meals. Appetite. 45(2):148-151, 2005.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I. The youth/adolescent questionnaire has low validity and modest reliability among low-income African-American and Hispanic seventh- and eighth-grade youth. J Am Diet Assoc. 104(9):1415-1419, 2004.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Klesges LM, Watson K, Sherwood NE, Story M, Zakeri I, Leachman-Slawson D, Pratt C. Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. Obes Res. 12(Suppl):20S-31S, 2004.

Cullen KW, Klesges LM, Sherwood NE, Baranowski T, Beech B, Pratt C, Zhou A, Rochon J. Measurement characteristics of diet-related psychosocial questionnaires among African-American parents and their 8- to 10-year-old daughters: results from the Girls' health Enrichment Multi-site Studies. Prev Med. 38(Suppl):S34-S42, 2004.

Cullen KW, Himes JH, Baranowski T, Pettit J, Stevens M, Slawson DL, Obarzanek E, Murtaugh M, Matheson D, Sun W, Rochon J. Validity and reliability of a behavior-based food coding system for measuring fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetable, and sweetened beverage consumption: results from the Girls Health Enrichment Multisite Studies. Prev Med. 38(Suppl):S24-S33, 2004.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I. Children's Lunch Consumption of Fruit, Vegetables, Milk, and Sweetened Beverages Changes with Access to Ala Carte/Snack Bar School Meals. American Journal of Public Health 2004;94:463-67.

Cullen KW, Zakeri I, Pryor EW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Watson K. Goal setting is differentially related to change in fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption among fourth-grade children. Health Educ Behav. 31(2):258-269, 2004.

Fiske A, Cullen KW. Effects of promotional materials on vending sales of low-fat items in teachers' lounges. J Am Diet Assoc. 104(1):90-93, 2004.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Owens E, Marsh T, Rittenberry L, de Moor C. Availability, accessibility, and preferences for fruit, 100% fruit juice, and vegetables influence children's dietary behavior. Health Educ Behav. 30(5):615-626, 2003.

Marsh T, Cullen KW, Baranowski T. Validation of a fruit, juice, and vegetable availability questionnaire. J Nutr Educ Behav. 35(2):93-97, 2003.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI, Nicklas T, Zakeri IE, Rochon J. The Fun, Food, and Fitness Project (FFFP): the Baylor GEMS pilot study. Ethn Dis. 13(1 Suppl 1):S30-S39, 2003.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Marsh T, Islam N, Zakeri I, Honess-Morreale L, deMoor C. Squire's Quest! Dietary outcome evaluation of a multimedia game. Am J Prev Med. 24(1):52-61, 2003.

Cullen KW , Lara K, de Moor C. Children's dietary fat intake and fat practices vary by meal and day. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002;102:1773-1778.

Cullen KW, Ash D, Warneke C, de Moor, C Intake of soft drinks, fruit flavored beverages, and fruits and vegetables by children in grades 4 through 6. American Journal of Public Health 2002;92:1475-77.

Cullen KW, Lara K, de Moor, C. Familial concordance of dietary fat practices and intake. Family and Community Health . 2002; 25(2):65-75.

Cullen KW, Bishop R, de Moor, C . Fat practices and consumption among African-American boy scouts: Impact of meal source. Ethnicity and Disease 2002;12:193-198.
Baranowski, T., Baranowski J, Cullen KW, deMoor C, Rittenberry L, Hebert, D, Jones, L., 5 A Day Achievement Badge for African American Boy Scouts: pilot outcome results. Preventive Medicine. 2002; 34:353-363

Baranowski, T Islam, N, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Myers D, Marsh T, deMoor C. The food intake recording software system is valid among fourth grade children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002;102:380-385.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Owens E, de Moor C, Rittenberry L, Olvera N, Resnicow K. Ethnic differences in social correlates of diet. Health Education Research. 17:7-18, 2002.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Smith S. Using goal setting as a strategy for dietary behavior change. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 101:562-66, 2001.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Rittenberry L, Cosart C, Hebert D, de Moor C. Social-environmental influences on children’s fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption as reported by parents: Reliability and validity of measures. Public Health Nutrition. 3:345-356, 2000.

Cullen KW, Rittenberry L, Olvera N, Baranowski T. Environmental influences on children’s diets: Results from focus groups with African-, Euro-, and Mexican-American children and their parents. Health Education Research. 15:581-590. 2000.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C, Davis Hearn M, Resnicow K. The influence of school organizational characteristics on the outcomes of a school health promotion program. Journal of School Health, 69:376-380, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C. Validity and reliability of brief fruit, juice, and vegetable screeners among inner city African-American boys and 18-20 year old adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 18:442-50, 1999.

Robertson S, Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Hu S, de Moor C. Dietary intake, but not physical activity, is related to adiposity in preschool children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99:938-943, 1999.

Cullen KW, Koehly L, Anderson C, Baranowski T, Prokhorov A, Basen-Engquist K, Wetter D, Hergenroeder A. Gender differences in cancer risk behaviors through the transition out of high school. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 17:1-7, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Hebert D, de Moor C. Behavioral or epidemiological coding of fruit and vegetable consumption from 24-hour dietary recalls: Research question guides choice. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99:849-851, 1999.

Cullen KW, Baranowski, T, Baranowski JC. Computer software design for recording children’s food intake. Journal of Nutrition Education, 30:405-409, 1998.

Cullen KW, Baranowski, T, Warneke C, de Moor C, Baranowski J, Nwachokor A, Hajek RA, Jones LA. 5 A Day achievement badge for Urban Boy Scouts: Formative evaluation results. Journal of Cancer Education, 13:162-168, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS, Kok G. Intervention mapping: Use of theory and data in the development of a fruit and vegetable nutrition program for girl scouts. Journal of Nutrition Education, 30:188-195, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS, Koehly L. Measuring stage of change for fruit and vegetable consumption in 9- to 12-year-old girls. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(3):241-254, 1998.

Cullen KW, Bartholomew LK, Parcel GS. Girl Scouting: An effective channel for nutrition education. Journal of Nutrition Education, 29:86-91, 1997.dfgsgsdgsdfg

E-mail this page to a friend