How DBS Surgery is Performed
Baylor Medicine is fortunate to have the latest surgical technologies to allow the most customized and precise DBS surgery experience. Through our affiliated hospitals, we can perform surgery using intraoperative CT, intraoperative MRI, advanced electrophysiological techniques, and frameless DBS. Below we will describe the technique for awake DBS surgery, but please speak with your neurologist and neurosurgeon about the variety of techniques possible and what is best for you.
DBS surgery is performed in two stages:
- Stage I involves placing the electrode(s) into the intended deep brain target. This stage generally involves an overnight stay in the hospital, in a non-ICU setting.
- Stage II involves placement of the extension wires and battery. This stage is an outpatient surgical procedure that requires one hour under general anesthesia.
Battery replacements are another surgical procedure that patients will require periodically (generally every three to five years, if a rechargeable device is not used), depending on the amount of stimulation required to treat their condition.
Here we will focus on Stage I.