Surgical Risks for Ear Surgery
The risks of surgery (tympanoplasty, ossicular chain reconstruction, or tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy) include the following:
- An eardrum perforation may occur if the eardrum does not heal properly.
- The cholesteatoma or ear infection can come back.
- Further hearing loss happens less than 10 percent of the time. Total deafness is extremely uncommon.
- Injury to the facial nerve that runs through the ear can cause facial paralysis. This too is extremely uncommon.
- Loss of sense of taste on the side of the tongue may occur. It is usually only a minor inconvenience for a few weeks.
- Persistent postoperative dizziness or ringing in the ear may happen, but both are quite uncommon.
- All of these above risks can happen even if you do not have surgery.
- Untreated infection or cholesteatoma of the ear can have serious consequences.