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BCM - Baylor College of Medicine

Giving life to possible

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Anal Sphincteroplasty

Anal sphincteroplasty is a procedure used to repair torn or weakened anal sphincter muscles, the muscles that control bowel movements.

Damage to these muscles is a major cause of fecal incontinence, the loss of normal bowel control.

There are two anal muscles that control bowel movements. These muscles are similar to two round doughnuts, one inside the other. Anal sphincteroplasty is used when there is a defect in this circle of muscle.

Also known as anal sphincter repair, the procedure is commonly used to treat fecal incontinence caused by anal muscles damaged during childbirth. The procedure is performed under general or regional anesthesia.