Risk Factors and Symptoms for Esophageal Cancer

Risk Factors

Preventative steps can help you avoid esophageal cancer. These include eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight and limiting smoking and alcohol use.

But it is important to be aware of risk factors that can increase your chances of getting esophageal cancer, which include:


Be on the lookout for any of the following, especially if you are in a high risk group:

  • Chest pain and trouble swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Chronic cough and hoarseness
  • Vomiting
  • Hiccups
  • Pneumonia
  • Bone pain
  • Bleeding into the esophagus