Reduction of cancer mortality is a stated goal of the National Cancer Institute. Cancer of the bladder is the 4th most commonly diagnosed cancer and 7th leading cause of cancer death in the American men, and represents an important target for mortality-reducing efforts. Furthermore, these tumors, even in early (i.e. curable) stages, usually cause several easily detectable abnormalities, including hematuria, and the presence of abnormal tumor products that are shed into urine or lie within exfoliated malignant cells.

The overall goal of the proposed study is to gain information concerning the performance characteristics of three bladder cancer markers when combined with hematuria testing in detecting bladder cancer.

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